LBCS Activity Dimension with Descriptions

Activity is one of five dimensions in LBCS. Each dimension is an attribute that takes the appropriate four-digit code.

Code


Activities with Descriptions

Color

1000 Residential activities #FFFF00

Includes activities that occur in all types of residential uses, structures, ownership characteristics, or the character of the development.

1100

Household activities

Includes those activities normally associated with single-family, multifamily, town homes, manufactured homes, etc.

1200

Transient living

Activities associated with hotels, motels, tourist homes, bed and breakfast, etc. Note that the distinction between various residential activities is independent of the definition of a family.

1300

Institutional living

Residential living activity associated with dormitories, group homes, barracks, retirement homes, etc. These activities may occur in any number of structural types (single-family homes, multi-family homes, manufactured homes, etc.), but the activity characteristics of such living is not the same as the other subcategories under residential activities. Also note that the distinction between various residential activities is independent of the definition of a family.

2000 Shopping, business, or trade activities #FF0000

This category captures all uses that are business related. Use it as a catch-all category for all retail, office, commercial, and industrial activities when the subcategories are either too specific or otherwise unknown (as in comprehensive plan designations).

2100

Shopping

Primarily for all retail shops and stores. If the shop sells both goods and services, or if it is not clear which of the two more detailed categories to assign, then use this one. Increasingly, distinguishing between a store (that sells goods) and shop (that sells service) will become difficult and for many planning-related applications even irrelevant. Even economic applications that employed such distinctions are reconsidering because of the difficulty in distinguishing between goods and services. However, for those planning applications that require this distinction, or for existing land-use data sets that already employ such distinctions, apply the subcategories. Otherwise, for routine land-use data classification, apply the Shopping category only.

2110

Goods-oriented shopping

Activities in stores that trade retail goods. The distinction is in the physical attributes of activities associated with goods (buying, selling, repairing, etc.) and not the type of goods.

2120

Service-oriented shopping

Those shops that primarily sell services on site. The distinction is in the physical attributes of activities associated with services, such as hairdressing. Business services, such as accounting, legal services, advertising, etc., belong in the office category.

2200

Restaurant-type activity

Eating, dining, and such activities associated with restaurants and other establishments that serve food, drink, and related products to be consumed on or off premises.

2210

Restaurant-type activity with drive-through

Eating, dining, and such activities associated with restaurants and other establishments that serve food, drink, and related products that may have seating but has drive-through facilities. Such activities, although commonly associated with fast-food restaurants, may also occur at restaurants and food establishments that do not serve fast food.

2300

Office activities

Typical office uses should be categorized here including those that are primarily office-use in character. Use this category as a catch-all designation for all office-type uses.

2310

Office activities with high turnover of people

Especially those that have counters for customer service, or waiting areas for customers or visitors. Use this category to indicate an activity characterized by a steady stream of people when such activity is part of normal operations of the office use.

2320

Office activities with high turnover of automobiles

Typically associated with drive-through windows at banks, department of motor vehicles, and other businesses. Traditionally, these activities were associated with banks, post offices, and financial institutions, but they may also occur at other kinds of establishments.

3000 Industrial, manufacturing, and waste-related activities #A020F0

All manufacturing, assembly, warehouse, and waste management activities. Use this as a catch-all category for anything not specified in subcategories below.

3100

Plant, factory, or heavy goods storage or handling activities

All industrial activities. Use this as a catch-all category for anything not specified in subcategories below.

3110

Primarily plant or factory-type activities

Assembly plants, manufacturing facilities, industrial machinery, etc.

3120

Primarily goods storage or handling activities

Characterized by loading and unloading goods at warehouses, large storage structures, movement of goods, shipping, and trucking. Includes self-storage activities.

3200

Solid waste management activities

Includes storing, collecting, dumping, waste processing, and other related operations.

3210

Solid waste collection and storage

Solid waste activities at source or intermediate locations, such as recycling centers. Use this category for large sites that have their own recycling areas where solid waste is separated or pretreated. Solid waste includes demolition waste, street sweepings, sewage sludge, industrial solids and sludges, agricultural manure, and crop wastes.

The term garbage refers to food waste portion of solid waste and refuse or trash refer to mixed solid wastes.

This category also includes activities associated with recycling (or refuse reclamation) and other related operations with landfilling.

3220

Landfilling or dumping

Activities that typically occur at landfills and resource recovery facilities. Also useful to mark those areas not necessarily identified as landfills, but used as dumps. The term sanitary landfill is sometimes used to differentiate public landfills from others.

3230

Waste processing or recycling

Activities normally associated with incinerators, recycling facilities, resource recovery facilities, etc.

3300

Construction activities (grading, digging, etc.)

During the construction stage of a development, especially if it is a large-scale one and is a multiyear project, the characteristics of the use is quite different from what it may eventually become. When local plans need to track such activities, use this category. Once completed, the activity code should reflect its actual use.

4000 Social, institutional, or infrastructure-related activities #0000FF

Use this category for all institutional activities. This broad category may also be used for land-use designations in comprehensive and general plans.

4100

School or library activities

Mainly those associated with educational, instructional, or teaching activities. Administrative functions, especially those where school board or administrative offices are located, should be assigned office categories.

Likewise, sports, school-bus parking, or maintenance activities should be assigned appropriate categories. But if the data being classified is generalizing over large areas, then use this category.

4110

Classroom-type activities

Those that occur in school buildings, lecture rooms, etc. This category may include other related activities only if the data is being generalized and the predominant activities are classroom-type instructions.

4120

Training or instructional activities outside classrooms

Driving, flying, or other instructional activities that occur outside a typical school building.

4130

Other instructional activities including those that occur in libraries

Include all other instructional activities here.

4200

Emergency response or public-safety-related activities

Broad category to group all fire, police, rescue, EMS, and other public safety activities. Use this category for joint or co-located facilities if the application needs a single activity code.

4210

Fire and rescue-related activities

The classic example is a fire station with fire trucks in standard bays with associated training, resting, office, and equipment storing activities on the site. Use this category for sites that do not necessarily look like a fire station, but serve the same purpose (e.g., on-site fire and rescue stations for large-scale developments).

4220

Police, security, and protection-related activities

Policing and police-related activities that typically occur in a police station. It also includes community policing centers located in neighborhoods, which may occupy store-front locations.

4230

Emergency or disaster-response-related activities

Many look like a typical office building but are distinct in the operations in them. Often they have the 911 emergency center, disaster coordination facilities, and essential communication facilities for disaster recovery and response. Note that this category is not for coding schools and other community facilities used in disaster recovery operations.

4300

Activities associated with utilities (water, sewer, power, etc.)

Group all utilities: water, sewer, power, gas, etc.

4310

Water-supply-related activities

Category for water supply-related, including irrigation-related activities. Use this category for any activity associated with water supply.

4311

Water storing, pumping, or piping

Activities primarily associated with linear features, such as pipelines, water channels, etc., located in easements and point features, such as air vents, pumping stations, piping junctions, etc., that may or may not be located in easements.

4312

Water purification and filtration activities

Associated with large-scale plants, many of which appear industrial in character. This category should also include all the related activities associated with a water purification and filtration facility, such as water storage, water pumping, etc.

4313

Irrigation water storage and distribution activities

This category includes activities associated with urban and rural water distribution systems. Although not as common as the water purification plants, these activities are commonly associated with wells and reservoirs for water supply.

4314

Flood control, dams, and other large irrigation activities

Associated with dams, reservoirs, and other large-scale storage and distribution of water. Primarily industrial in character, many such sites also host other activities, such as sightseeing, power generation, leisure activities, environmental monitoring, etc.

4320

Sewer-related control, monitor, or distribution activities

This activity is characterized by sewer-related activities, such as pumping, piping, storing, treating, filtering, etc., whether urban or rural, private or public. Use this category for any activity associated with sewers.

4321

Sewage storing, pumping, or piping

Activities primarily associated with linear features, such as pipelines, channels, etc., located in easements and point features, such as air vents, pumping stations, piping junctions, etc., that may or may not be in

4322

Sewer treatment and processing

Associated with sewer treatment plants, many of which appear industrial in character. This category also includes related activities associated with a sewer treatment and processing facility, such as storage, pumping, etc.

4330

Power generation, control, monitor, or distribution activities

This activity is characterized by electrical power generation, control facilities, distribution centers, etc. Use this category for any activity associated with power supply and distribution.

4331

Power transmission lines or control activities

Activities primarily associated with linear features, such as transmission lines, conduits, etc., located in easements and point features, such as air vents, pumping stations, piping junctions, etc., that may or may not be in

4332

Power generation, storage, or processing activities

Power generation, storage, or processing activities primarily associated with switching centers, transformer locations, and other power-related facilities that serve as storage or transit points in the distribution system.

4340

Telecommunications-related control, monitor, or distribution activities

Activities associated with telecommunications encompass communication tower facilities, antennae locations, repeater stations, and distribution centers.

4350

Natural gas or fuels-related control, monitor, or distribution activities

Activities associated with natural gas encompass production facilities, distribution lines, and control and monitor stations.

4400

Mass storage, inactive

Activities associated with large storage areas for water, fuels, waste, and other products where such storage is not associated with utilities. These facilities may be associated with a private or public establishment to serve functions not associated with utilities.

4410

Water storage

Not related to utilities, but may be related to an industrial or commercial enterprise. This may include tanks, tank farms, open storage, etc., above or below ground.

4420

Storage of natural gas, fuels, etc.

Not related to utilities, but may be related to an industrial or commercial enterprise. This may include tanks, tank farms, open storage, etc., above or below ground.

4430

Storage of chemical, nuclear, or other materials

Not related to utilities, but may be related to an industrial or commercial enterprise. This may include tanks, tank farms, open storage, etc., above or below ground.

4500

Health care, medical, or treatment activities

Activities in this category encompass those associated with clinics, hospitals, and other facilities that treat, house, or care for patients.

4600

Interment, cremation, or grave digging activities

This category encompasses activities associated with cemeteries, cremation facilities, funeral homes, and the like.

4700

Military base activities

Military bases are typically complex collection of activities that include a wide range of activities associated with military training, living and recreational facilities for military personnel, storage and maintenance facilities, and other related facilities.

4710

Ordnance storage

Activities primarily associated with storing and moving of military ordnance.

4720

Range and test activities

These activities encompass large areas for range and test activities of arms, ammunitions, war games, and related military activities. Although such activities are part of a military base, identifying this special category is useful for planning around bases for land-use compatibility.

5000 Travel or movement activities #BEBEBE

This category encompasses activities associated with all modes of transportation. It includes rights-of-way and such linear features associated with transportation.

5100

Pedestrian movement

Use this category for classifying pedestrian-only roads and open mall areas in

road rights-of-way. Although comprehensive plans may not depend on such distinctions, many site plans and urban designs use them for circulation components of their plans.

5200

Vehicular movement

This is a catch-all category for all forms of automobile movement on roads, parking areas, drive-through facilities, etc. Use the subcategories to further distinguish them.

5210

Vehicular parking, storage, etc.

Activities associated with parking or storing of automobiles.

5220

Drive-in, drive through, stop-n-go, etc.

Activities associated with serving customers in their automobiles from a fixed location, such as a drive-through window. Assign this code to those uses that have drive-through window facilities. This also includes activities associated with car washes and such where the customers drive through specialized facilities.

5400

Trains or other rail movement

Includes activities associated with movement of rails and other vehicles on railroads. It includes activities associated with rail maintenance, storage, and rights-of-way for railroads.

5410

Rail maintenance, storage, or related activities

Use this category for identifying rail maintenance and storage activities, which are industrial in character, from rail movement and railroad rights-of-way. This category also includes railroad switching activities.

5500

Sailing, boating, and other port, marine and water-based activities

This category includes activities associated with water and marine based travel, movement, and their related activities. Use the subcategories to distinguish areas of marine movement from marine storage activities.

5510

Boat mooring, docking, or servicing

Use this subcategory for activities associated with docks and marinas where boats and ships are anchored, moored, or serviced.

5520

Port, ship-building, and related activities

These activities include a complex collection of shipping, storing, repairing and other similar activities that are industrial in nature. Passenger terminals are not included in this category.

5600

Aircraft takeoff, landing, taxiing, and parking

These activities encompass all aspects of air travel and transportation that occur at ground facilities, such as airports, hangars, and similar facilities. Passenger terminals are not included in this category.

5700

Spacecraft launching and related activities

These activities include space vehicle control, storage, movement, and viewing areas. Although they appear similar to air transportation facilities, spacecraft related activities entail several other activities.

6000 Mass assembly of people #2F4F4F

This is a catch-all category for activities associated with mass assembly of people for either transportation, spectator sports, entertainment, or other social and institutional reasons. Use the subcategories to further classify the type of mass assembly.

6100

Passenger assembly

This category is for activities primarily associated with bus, train, and airport terminals.

6200

Spectator sports assembly

Spectator sports assembly may occur in stadiums, open grounds, or other venues occasionally used for such purposes. Identifying such activities may be required for public safety related applications.

6300

Movies, concerts, or entertainment shows

Besides performance viewing, this category also includes related activities associated with such performances: food and souvenir vending, purchasing tickets, and related activities. This category also includes mass assembly at theaters and planetariums.

6400

Gatherings at fairs and exhibitions

Mass assembly of people at fairs and exhibitions includes activities associated with food and souvenir vending, purchasing tickets, and related activities. This category also includes activities associated with entertainment shows, park rides, etc., at fairs.

6500

Mass training, drills, etc.

Includes activities in parade grounds and drill fields associated with institutions.

6600

Social, cultural, or religious assembly

Use this category for mass assembly of people for social (eg., city hall), cultural (eg., parades), or religious (eg. churches) purposes. It also includes large outdoor ceremonies for religious, cultural, or other purposes. Although such activities may occur infrequently and may not involve any functional or structural characteristics (for example a spontaneous gathering that occurs on an annual basis on a hilltop), identifying where mass assembling of people occurs is essential for many planning applications. Use this category to capture such use information. Often this may mean assigning a mass assembly category to areas that already have other activity categories assigned. Apply this category when other more specific mass assembly categories are inappropriate.

6700

Gatherings at galleries, museums, aquariums, zoological parks, etc.

Public assembly gatherings at galleries, museums, aquariums, zoological parks, and similar exhibition services are characterized by a steady stream of people as opposed to mass congregation of viewers at movie theaters and such. Although the distinction may not be significant, certain public assembly activities require this information separate from other kinds of gatherings in planning for public safety.

6800

Historical or cultural celebrations, parades, reenactments, etc.

These are usually annual gatherings, parades, and cultural celebrations that may involve shows, amusement park-like assembly of people, and selling food, drink and souvenirs.

7000 Leisure activities #90EE90

This is a catch-all category for classifying all forms of leisure activities. It includes the customary active and passive kinds of leisure activities although such distinctions are difficult to define. Although LBCS provides active and passive subcategories, for new data classification purposes either apply this category (for top level coding) or identify the precise nature of activities (which are at the third-level coding).

7100

Active leisure sports and related activities

This category refers to an arbitrary second-level coding to accommodate existing data classified as either active or passive leisure activities. Although the distinction between active and passive are difficult to separate, use this category only if more precise lower-level categories are combined in existing data. For new data classification purposes either apply this category (for top level coding) or identify the precise nature of activities (which are at the third-level coding).

7110

Running, jogging, bicycling, aerobics, exercising, etc.

Although these activities are normally associated with bike paths, jogging trails, sidewalks, and such facilities, they also include the kinds that happen on athletic tracks and playgrounds. Exercising and aerobic activities include those that take place in health clubs and gymnasiums besides outdoor facilities.

7120

Equestrian sporting activities

This category is for all equestrian-related leisure activities including riding, mounting, horsemanship, and equestrian games, such as polo, hurdles, dressage training and show jumping. The related categories include those incidental to maintaining stables, feeding, caring, and housing horses.

7130

Hockey, ice skating, etc.

This is a broad category to include activities normally associated with ice rinks and skating on ice. Hockey and other sports on ice are also included in this category.

7140

Skiing, snowboarding, etc.

This is a broad category that includes leisure sport activities on snow: skiing, luge, bobsled, toboggan.

7150

Automobile and motorbike racing

This is a broad category to include the myriad forms of vehicular sports including automobile racing, dirt racing, motorcycle racing, and other cross-country type events.

7160

Golf

Includes other leisure activities, such as pall-mall, tipcart, croquet, golf, curling, and pall one besides golf.

7180

Tennis

Because of its unique site development characteristic, traditionally lawn tennis (as opposed to table tennis) has been classified distinct from other sporting activities. It also includes related sports, such as racquet ball.

7190

Track and field, team sports (baseball, basketball, etc.), or other sports

This includes activities associated with playing baseball, basketball, and other related games.

7200

Passive leisure activity

This category refers to an arbitrary second-level coding to accommodate existing data classified as either active or passive leisure activities. Although the distinction between active and passive are difficult to separate, use this category only if more precise lower-level categories are combined in existing data. For new data classification purposes either apply this category (for top level coding) or identify the precise nature of activities (which are at the third-level coding).

7210

Camping

Camping is a broad category that includes parts of activities associated with of shelter, recreation, and other related activities, such as hunting, fishing, sailing, etc. The designation applies to only those camping areas and camp grounds where camps are allowed.

7220

Gambling

Casinos normally host gambling, wagering, and those establishments that serve the gaming aspects of leisure activities. However, many other types of establishments also provide slot machines, and other gambling and gaming facilities (shopping centers in Las Vegas, for instance).

7230

Hunting

Hunting activities include live and also clay pigeon and skeet shooting.

7240

Promenading and other activities in parks

This is a catch-all category for all other areas of parks and recreational areas that do not qualify under any of the other more specific categories.

7250

Shooting

7260

Trapping

7300

Flying or air-related sports

7400

Water sports and related leisure activities

7410

Boating, sailing, etc.

7420

Canoeing, kayaking, etc.

7430

Swimming, diving, etc.

Includes activities associated with lifeguard services and other related activities.

7440

Fishing, angling, etc.

7450

Scuba diving, snorkeling, etc.

7460

Water-skiing

8000 Natural resources-related activities #228B22

8100


Farming, tilling, plowing, harvesting, or related activities

Agricultural activities, such as farming, plowing, tilling, cropping, seeding, cultivating, and harvesting for the production of food and fiber products. Also includes sod production, nurseries, orchards, and Christmas tree plantations. Excludes forest logging and timber-harvesting operations.

8200

Livestock related activities

Activities associated with feeding and raising of livestock in pens and confined structures.

8300

Pasturing, grazing, etc.

Activities normally associated with feeding and grazing in open ranges.

8400

Logging

Activities normally associated with forestry.

8500

Quarrying or stone cutting

Includes activities normally associated with borrow pits.

8600

Mining including surface and subsurface strip mining

Includes crushing, screening, washing, and flotation activities. Beneficiating is another common term used to describe such activities.

8700

Drilling, dredging, etc.

Includes activities normally associated with on and off-shore drilling for oil and natural gas operations, dredging for beach control, expanding waterways, and cleaning of canals or channels.

9000 No human activity or unclassifiable activity #FFFFFF

May also be used as a placeholder for areas of no habitation (desert areas, for example).

9100

Not applicable to this dimension

Use this code as a permanent code for those records that will never be classified in this dimension. It is normal for land-use databases to have records that may never be classified and be left blank instead. But LBCS recommends that all records have a code because some computer applications may not be able handle blank entries (null values in database terminology).

9200

Unclassifiable activity

Use this category as a temporary placeholder for activities that cannot be grouped anywhere until the classification scheme is updated. Check the LBCS web site to see how others have dealt with such unique activities before revising the classification scheme.

9300

Subsurface activity

Use this category for activities that occur below the surface that are of no interest to the applications that will use this data set and assigning one of the unknown categories may be inappropriate.

9900

To be determined

Use this code as a placeholder until an appropriate code can be assigned. It is normal for land-use databases to have records that may never be classified and left blank instead. But LBCS recommends that all records have a code because some computer applications may not be able handle blank entries (null values in database terminology). This code could also be used as the default value for data-entry work. The subcategories serve the same purpose for other coding levels.