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Quantifying Health Impacts of Community Design
Activity Code: S601
Date: Tuesday, April 16
Rapid Fire. Urban Footprint. Walk Score. CommunityViz. How are these new tools helping communities quantify the health impacts of community design and better integrate health concerns into planning practice? Find out from experts who will conduct live demonstrations of each of these tools and present case studies of communities that are employing them to improve walkability and other features key to enhancing the health of their residents.
Lawrence D. Frank
Professor, Univ of British Columbia
Work: Professor in Sustainable Transportation and Director of the Health and Community Design Lab. Teaching and research on land use, transportation planning, and physical activity and air quality impacts of the built environment.
Education: Bachelor's of Landscape Architecture (University of Arizona) Masters of Science in Civil Engineering Transportation studies (University of Washington) Doctorate of Philosophy in Urban Design and Planning (University of Washington)
Publications: Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Chapman, J., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Glanz, K., Couch, S.C., Learnihan, V., Zhou, C., Colburn, T., Cain, K.L. 2012. Objective assessment of obesogenic environments in youth: Geographic information system methods and spatial findings from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids (NIK) Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 42(5), e47–e55. Kavage, S., Frank, L., Kolian, T. 2010. “The Hidden Health Costs of Transportation.” American Public Health Association. Frank LD, Saelens B, Powell KE, Chapman J. 2007. “Stepping Towards Causation: Do Built Environments or Individual Preferences Explain Walking, Driving, and Obesity?” Social Science and Medicine. Volume 65, Issue 9: pp. 1898-1914. Frank, Lawrence, Kavage, Sarah, Litman, Todd. 2006. Promoting Public Health Through Smart Growth. Smart Growth BC. Frank LD, Sallis JF, Conway T, Chapman J, Saelens B, Bachman W. 2006. Many Pathways from Land Use to Health: Walkability Associations With Active Transportation, Body Mass Index, and Air Quality. Journal of the American Planning Association. No. 72: pp. 75-87. Frank, Lawrence, Andresen, Martin, Schmid Tom, 2004. Obesity Relationships With Community Design, Physical Activity, and Time Spent in Cars. American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 27. No 2. Frumkin, H, Frank, LD, Jackson, R. Urban sprawl and public health: designing, planning, and building for healthy communities. Washington, DC: Island Press – Spring 2004. Frank, LD., Engelke, PE Schmid, TL. Health and Community Design: The Impacts of the Built Environment on Physical Activity. Washington, DC: Island Press – Spring 2003.
Other Publications: Kerr, J., Frank, L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B., Glanz, K., Chapman, J. 2012. Predictors of trips to food destinations. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(58), doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-58. VanLoon, J., Frank, LD. 2011. Urban Form Relationships with Physical Activity Patterns of Children: Research to-date and Implications for Future Research and Practice. Journal of Planning Literature. 26(3), 280-308. Cerin, E, Frank, LD, Sallis, JF, Saelens, BE, Conwaye, TL, Chapmanf, JE, Glanz, K. 2011. From neighborhood design and food options to residents’ weight status. Appetite, 56(3), 693-703. Lachapelle, U. Frank, L. Saelens, B.E. Sallis, J.F. and Conway, T.L. 2011. Commuting by Public Transit and Physical Activity: Where You Live, Where You Work, and How You Get There. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 8(Suppl 1), S72-S82 Frank, LD, Kerr, JK, Rosenberg, D, King, A. 2010. Healthy Aging and Where You Live: Community Design Relationships with Physical Activity and Body Weight in Older Americans. Journal of Physical Activity and Health (March) S82-90. Wood, L, Frank LD, Giles-Corti, B, 2010. Sense of Community and its Relationship With Walking And Neighborhood Design. Social Science and Medicine, v 70, n 9, p 1381-1390 Frank, LD, Greenwald, M, Kavage, S, Winkelman, S, Chapman, J. 2010. Carbonless Footprints: Promoting Health and Climate Stabilization Through Active Transportation. Preventive Medicine, 50, S99-S105. Frank, LD, Kavage, S. 2010. A National Plan for Physical Activity: The Enabling Role of the Built Environment. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 6(Suppl 2): S186-95 Frank, LD, Sallis, J, Saelens, B, Leary, L, Cain, K, Conway, T, Hess, P. 2010. The Development of a Walkability Index: Application of the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 44-924-933. Lachapelle, U, Frank, LD. 2009. Transit and Health: Mode Of Transport, Employer-Sponsored Public Transit Pass Programs, and Physical Activity. Journal of Public Health Policy. Vol. 30, S73-S94. Frank LD, Kerr J, Saelens B, Sallis J, Glanz K, Chapman J. 2009. Food Outlet Visits, Physical Activity, and Body Weight: Variations by Gender and Race-Ethnicity. British Journal of Sports Medicine,43, 124-131. Frank LD, Kerr J, Miles R, Sallis JF. 2008. A Hierarchy of Sociodemographic and Environmental Correlates of Walking & Obesity. Preventive Medicine, 47(2), 172-178. Frank LD, Kavage, S. 2008. Urban Planning and Public Health: A Story of Separation and Reconnection. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 14(3), 214-220.
Past Assignments: Frank, Lawrence. February 2013. "From Evidence to Decision Making: New Tools That Incorporate Health Into Scenario Planning Tools." San Diego, CA. Frank, Lawrence. January 2013. "Analysis of Built Environment Influences on Walking Trips and Distance Walked in a Midsized Canadian City." Washington, D.C. Frank, Lawrence. October 2012. "Creating an evidence based planning tool to predict physical activity and obesity impacts of community design alternatives." Sydney, Australia. Frank, Lawrence. October 2012. "Integrating active transportation and health into transportation planning." Sydney, Australia. Frank, Lawrence. October 2012. "Monetizing the Health Impacts of Community Design." Vancouver, BC. Frank, Lawrence. October 2012. "Community Energy and Emissions Modelling." Victoria, BC. Frank, Lawrence. October 2012. "Where You Live and How You Feel: Urban Form and Public Health Linkages." Portland, OR. Frank, Lawrence. October 2012. "Health Impacts of Community Design: From Evidence to Practice." Edmonton, AB. Frank, Lawrence. October 2012. "The NEWPATH Project - Sustainable Transportation Policy and Implementation." Banff, AB. Frank, Lawrence. August 2012. "Evidence-Based HIA Tools." Quebec City, QC. Frank, Lawrence. June 2012. "Leadership in Healthy and Livable Communities Keynote Presentation." Vancouver, BC. Frank, Lawrence. May 2012. "Objective Assessment of Obesogenic Environments in Youth: GIS Methods to Evaluate Physical Activity and Food Environments for the Neighbourhood Impacts on Kids (NIK) Study." Rome, Italy.
Garlynn G. Woodsong
Project Manager, Calthorpe Associates
Work: Garlynn Woodsong is a Project manager in the regional and large-scale master planning team at Calthorpe Associates. He is a geographer and urban planner with more than 10 years of experience in transportation, land use, and regional and corridor planning and policy. His work and experience ranges from transit-oriented development, bicycle transportation planning, regional transportation policy and funding, to the use of GIS technology to support smart growth and regional planning efforts. At Calthorpe Associates, Garlynn has been working most recently on the Vision California, Envision Bay Area, San Mateo Infill Capacity Study, Southern California SCS Scenarios, and Honolulu TOD Study projects, and has been instrumental in the development and deployment of the new Rapid Fire and Urban Footprint scenario and modeling tools. Prior to joining Calthorpe Associates, Mr. Woodsong spent eight years with the Metropolitan Transportation Commission (the Metropolitan Planning Organization for the San Francisco Bay Area), where he worked on a variety of projects, including: the Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Study (with the Center for Neighborhood Technology, the Center for Transit Oriented Development and Strategic Economics); the Lifeline Transportation Study; the Environmental Justice (EJ) analysis of the 2001 Regional Transportation Plan (RTP); multiple iterations of the Regional Bicycle Plan; multiple iterations of the RTP; and the 511 online bicycle trip planner. At the Portland Bureau of Transportation in Portland, Oregon, Mr. Woodsong focused on the intersection of local transportation planning and the use of Geographic Information Systems. He also spent time at Tri‐Met in Portland, where he worked on public outreach, community affairs, historical transit studies and station area planning for the Westside Light Rail Project.
Education: Associates of Liberal Arts: 1997, Simon's Rock College of Bard, Great Barrington, MA Bachelors of Arts, Geography: 1999, Portland State University, Portland, OR
Publications: Published Article: Beyond Maps: GIS Support of Transit Oriented Development Planning. Proceedings of the 2005 Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) Annual Conference in San Diego, CA. ESRI Press, Redlands, CA 2005.
Other Publications: Published Map: Transit Commuting in America, 1990 to 2000. ESRI Map Book, Volume 19. ESRI Press, Redlands, CA 2004. Published Map: 3D Population Distribution in the Bay Area in 2000. ESRI Map Book, Volume 22 (forthcoming). ESRI Press, Redlands, CA 2007. Published Articles: Use of GIS to Map Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) Projects in the 9-County Bay Area, and Identification of Communities of Concern Using GIS for the Purpose of Conducting an Environmental Justice Analysis of MTC’s 2001 Regional Transportation Plan (RTP). Proceedings of the 2001 Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (URISA) Annual Conference in Long Beach, CA. URISA Press, Chicago, IL, 2001.
Past Assignments: October, 2013: Presented UrbanFootprint and the SB 375/AB 32 story at the Oregon Metropolitan Planning Organization Consortium (OMPOC) meeting in Portland, OR October, 2013: Presented UrbanFootprint and the SB 375/AB 32 story at the Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations (AMPO) national conference in Portland, OR September, 2013: Presented UrbanFootprint and the SB 375/AB 32 story at the Oregon Transportation Summit in Portland, OR May, 2013: Presented UrbanFootprint at the GIS In Action conference in Portland, OR April, 2013: Presented UrbanFootprint and its Public Health Module at the APA National Conference in Chicago, IL April, 2013: Presented UrbanFootprint at the CalCOG Conference in Monterey, CA March, 2013: Presented UrbanFootprint and RapidFire at the World Bank in Washington, DC February, 2013: Presented UrbanFootprint Public Health Module at the Active Living Research Conference in San Diego, CA November, 2012: Presented UrbanFootprint at Open Planning Tools Symposium, Portland, OR. October, 2012: Presented UrbanFootprint at the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (URISA)'s 50th Anniversary Conference, Portland, OR September, 2012: Presented UrbanFootprint to the Orange County Council of Governments (OCCOG) Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), Orange, CA August-September, 2012: UrbanFootprint Training Seminar Series given to Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG) staff, Los Angeles, CA July, 2012: Presented UrbanFootprint to COG/MPO min-conference, San Diego, CA