AICP Certified Transportation Planner
(AICP CTP) Exam Outline

The AICP CTP examination will consist of multiple choice and scenario-based questions on the subject matters listed below. The list is intended to be representative and not inclusive of all subject matter known to the field of transportation planning. Candidates should note that exam questions do not precisely follow the order listed below.

I. Integrating Transportation into Community Planning [30%]

A. Land Use/Urban Form and Transportation Interaction [10%]

    1. Local laws and regulations (e.g., zoning tools and techniques, growth management, adequate public facilities)  
    2. Urban form characteristics (e.g., density, design, diversity, destinations, designation) and the impact on travel behavior, including history and theory
    3. Roadway classification systems       
    4. Land based classification systems and allocation
    5. Relationship of mobility and access  
    6. Factors affecting household and business location decisions   
    7. Effects of transportation decisions on socioeconomic and demographic conditions and land use patterns           
    8. Place making (e.g., TOD, context sensitive design, complete streets, walkable communities, sustainable design)     

B. Environment and Transportation Interaction [7%]

    1. Impacts of transportation on the environment (e.g., storm runoff, air quality, noise and vibration, land preservation, cultural resources, habitat, cumulative effects)          
    2. Design with nature (e.g., wetlands, threatened and endangered species habitats, aquifer recharge)
    3. Climate change mitigation and adaptation (e.g., greenhouse gases, federal, state, and local regulations)
    4. Environmental implications (e.g., suitability, carrying capacity, constraints)     
    5. Mitigation strategies (e.g., low impact development techniques, travel demand management, green infrastructure)     

C. Economy and Transportation Interaction [7%]

    1. Economic impacts of transportation investment (e.g., land values, development values, employment, income, cost recovery)   
    2. Externalities (i.e., other factors of social / economic value that are not incorporated in market prices)  
    3. Transportation benefits/costs allocations (e.g., tradeoffs, subsidies)    

D. Distributional Effects Including Socio-Cultural, Economic, and Geographic [6%]

    1. Socio-cultural impacts of transportation (e.g., community cohesion, archaeological sites)         
    2. Environmental justice (e.g., President Clinton's Executive Order 12898)         
    3. Progressive and regressive pricing structures
    4. User and non-user benefits and burdens       
    5. Analytical ways to measures the impact on various groups in society of government projects, programs, policies, and financing mechanisms   

II. Transportation Demand Analysis [12%]

A. Concepts relevant to travel demand (e.g., latent demand, triple convergence, peak/off-peak, mode choice, impedance factors)      

B. Applications and limitations of four-step modeling (trip generation, allocation, mode choice, distribution and assignment, network development)        

C. Application and limitations of alternative models of estimating passenger and freight demand (e.g., simulation model, activity-based model, pivot point techniques) 

D. Land use scenario planning tools (e.g., visualization) 

E. Input data (e.g., assumptions, sources [e.g., Census Bureau, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transportation Research Board], reasonableness, comparability)        

F. Data collection methods (e.g., traffic counts, travel behavior surveys)

G. Traffic impact analysis        

III. Performance Measurement [15%]

A. Mobility measures (e.g., level of service, travel time, delay, reliability, VMT, passengers per mile)

B. Accessibility measures        

C. Safety measures     

D. Convenience measures (e.g., quality of service, crowding, reliability, on-time performance)     

E. Connectivity measures        

F. Efficiency, effectiveness, and productivity measures (e.g., cost per transit rider)         

G. Measures of transportation effects (e.g., on land use, air quality, social equity, economic, environment, health) 

H. Evaluation and weighting techniques (e.g., benefit cost analysis, cost effectiveness, matrix display, goals achievement matrix, multi-attribute utility analysis)           

IV. Modal and Intermodal Planning [25%]

A. Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning [4%]

    1. Walkability factors  
    2. Facility types (e.g., linkages, classifications, capacity, amenities)        
    3. Multi-modal quality of service (e.g., pavement condition, lighting, lateral separation)    
    4. Facility design and orientation (e.g., accessible paths, signage and marking, standards, on street/off street, way finding)      
    5. Bicycle and pedestrian programs (e.g., complete streets, safe routes to school, access to transit)
    6. User characteristics (e.g., age, disability, experience level)    
    7. Education, encouragement, enforcement, engineering, events
    8. Safety and liability  

B. Streets and Highway Planning [4%]

    1. Thoroughfare/network planning principles (e.g., connectivity, continuity, capacity, level of service, roadway spacing criteria, complete streets, context sensitive solutions)
    2. Classification systems (e.g., accessibility and mobility trade offs)
    3. Transportation system management (e.g., traffic control devices, traffic calming, ITS)
    4. Special routes (e.g., truck, hazardous cargo, emergency evacuation)  
    5. Traffic safety
    6. Access management
    7. Design standards, flexibility and exceptions
    8. Special lane designations (e.g., HOV/HOT, on-street parking, bicycle, bus)    

C. Transit Planning [4%]

    1. Development options and process (e.g., transit oriented development, mixed use, joint development)    
    2. Technology options (e.g., rapid transit, light rail, commuter rail, bus rapid transit, conventional bus, streetcar)    
    3. System planning and coordination/feasibility analysis 
    4. Market analysis/segmentation          
    5. Corridor alternatives analysis           
    6. Transit infrastructure and capital facilities (e.g., stops and stations, information systems)         
    7. Demand response (e.g., paratransit, dial-a-ride, and discount taxi programs)   
    8. Special needs (e.g., ADA compliance)         
    9. Transit operations (e.g., coordination among development, routing, scheduling, fare structures, quality of service, system coordination)           
    10. Bike and transit integration  
    11. Institutional structures, governance, and funding

D. Rail Planning [2%]

    1. Demand estimation (for passenger only)      
    2. Station area planning           
    3. Rail implications for economic development (e.g., intermodal transfer centers, transit oriented development [TOD])      
    4. Community impact (e.g., grade crossing safety, quiet zones, traffic management, intermodal conflicts) 
    5. Corridor use alternatives (e.g., shared use [multimodal use of right-of-way], rail to trails, rail relocation)           
    6. Freight mobility       
    7. Technology options (e.g., inter-city rail, commuter rail, high-speed rail, light rail, streetcar)       
    8. Intermodal and multimodal facilities (e.g., distribution and goods movement)   

E. Maritime Planning [2%]

    1. Land use strategies and incentives   
    2. Seaport implications for economic development (e.g., industry clusters, cruise ship operations)
    3. Community impact (e.g., traffic, environmental, land use)      
    4. Interface and accessibility (e.g., port-rail-highway)
    5. Waterborne transportation planning (e.g., ferries, water taxis, barge, recreational boating)       

F. Aviation Planning [2%]

      1. Land use strategies and mitigation
      2. Community impacts and constraints (e.g., noise, traffic, environment, height obstruction limitation, safety zone regulations)
      3. Airport implications for regional economic development (e.g., international, national, and regional access; airport industrial parks; aviation related development)          

G. Parking [2%]

    1. Parking economics (e.g., supply, demand, pricing, elasticity, externalities, regulation, cash out)
    2. Parking standards and incentives (e.g., shared parking)         
    3. Facility planning and regulation (e.g., site selection/location, modal relationships, parking technology, accessibility)     

H. Intermodal and Multimodal Systems [5%]

    1. Needs analysis       
    2. System planning, coordination/feasibility analysis, and operations planning       
    3. Facility master planning (e.g., transit transfer facilities, bicycle storage, intercity terminals, park and ride)         
    4. Right of way issues/competition for and ways to address limited transportation infrastructure capacity   

V. Professional Practice [18%]

A. Transport Economics [4%]

    1. Basic transport economic principles (e.g., supply, demand, elasticity, consumer surplus, life cycle costs, value of time, utility, behavioral factors)2. Pricing strategies (e.g., tolling, managed lanes)

B. Transportation Finance [5%]

    1. Federal, state, and local funding sources (e.g., taxes, user fees, special assessments, grants)
    2. Financing techniques (e.g., bonds, TIF, impact fees, pay-as-you-go)   
    3. Cost estimating methods (e.g., capital, operations and maintenance, life cycle, present value/inflation)
    4. Public-private partnership    
    5. Financial plan (e.g., CIP, pro forma financial analysis, project budget, financially constrained plan)       
    6. Property values and development exactions (e.g., considering the values of properties)
    7. Development incentives (e.g., density bonuses)

C. Transportation Policy Programs and Regulation [5%]

    1. Federal, state, and local transportation laws and regulations (e.g., climate change and energy, growth management, concurrency, national rail policy, ADA, civil rights, infrastructure revitalization)          
    2. Implications of ISTEA and subsequent laws (e.g., TEA-21, SAFETEA-LU) on planning, policy, and practice  
    3. Implications of NEPA on planning, policy, and practice         
    4. Metropolitan planning guidance and requirements
    5. Institutional structures and governance (e.g., TMAs, transit authorities, special districts)
    6. Best practices and emerging tools (e.g., livable centers initiative, sustainable communities)

D. Program and Project Management [4%]

    1. Scope development/budgeting/ scheduling
    2. Interdisciplinary project management
    3. Data management and evaluation (e.g., statistics, GIS)         
    4. Stakeholder involvement and interagency coordination          
    5. Integration of transportation into comprehensive plans           
    6. Contract development and management (e.g., consultant selection, intergovernmental agreements)
    7. Program funding and financial management
    8. Standards of ethical practice