Zoned in the USA

APA Arkansas Chapter


Thursday, March 9, 2017
9:30 a.m. - 11 a.m. CST

CM | 1.50

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The keynote explores the emergence of zoning in early twentieth-century America against the background of zoning in two European countries: Germany and England. The common interpretation is that zoning was first used in these countries and then imported to America. But this interpretation neglects the extent to which American zoning began to deviate from European traditions early on. Based on primary and secondary archival sources, this paper tells a story about two aspects of zoning that set U.S. practice apart from that in Europe. The first is the purely residential district and the second is the purely single-family residential district. The European–American comparison helps highlight the distinct nature of U.S. land-use regulation, both in the past and today.


Sonia Hirt, FAICP

Sonia Hirt is dean and professor at the School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation at the University of Maryland. Her focus as a researcher and educator is on the interactions between social and cultural values and the urban built environment. Through her scholarship, she aims to advance understanding of the ... Read More

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James Walden,