Land Use, Zoning, and Transportation Metrics
You'll learn about:
- The proper use of land use and zoning metrics
- The value of models and drawing programs like Sketch-Up for land use
- The use of transportation metrics
- New data sources and a movement away from transportation level of service
- The critical value of efficiency as a metric
This session explores land use, zoning, transportation and economic metrics critical to measuring the sustainability of communities. The planned, zoned and achievable intensity of development in density or floor area ratios are critical to sustainable development. There are multiple definitions that are confused or misused by planners and citizens. For example planners often use net-net densities to indicate sustainability but this ignores land devoted to roads or open space thus under estimating the amount of land needed to sustain a future population making the development pattern less sustainable. Transportation likewise is important to sustainability. Metrics on origins and destinations, service areas of uses, capacity, modes of travel, frequency of service, and level of service must be used to evaluate sustainability. Walkability is frequently used as a measure of sustainability but is of little value when applied to regional shopping and office developments where the scale dictates that users must use other modes of travel to reach the development. The concept of efficiency is introduced as a tool evaluating whether the proposed intensity metrics are actually achievable in site plans and the transportation system needed to support it. In many cases multiple metrics must be considered to measure any topic. For example the four factors that interact to determine the maximum floor area, building, parking, height, and green space. Residential, and mixed uses also require the evaluation of multiple factors and the use of models and sketch up will be illustrated. Transportation performance measures include level of service, timing, delay, origin and destinations, mode, distance, and time. Reverse-engineering to better match land use and transportation is an example of how to apply metrics to solve problems. New measures of accessibility and mobility for various travel modes may also prove useful, and ‘big data’ is changing our ability to understand existing travel patterns in ways that may unlock the keys to promoting efficiency in the transportation network.
, Michael Baker International
Confirmed SpeakerLorna Parkins, AICP, Vice President, Transportation Planning, Michael Baker International. Lorna Parkins has 30 years of experience in transportation planning, including both public sector and private sector positions. She has a bachelor’s degree in urban planning from Virginia Tech and a master’s degree in Applied Economics from University of Minnesota. Her focus throughout her career has been on the linkages between land use, transportation and economic development, with an emphasis on multimodal solutions. She has been with Michael Baker for 20 years, rising to a leadership position for the company’s Transportation Planning Practice, while also managing a variety of multimodal planning projects in the mid-Atlantic region.
, Sturgeon Bay
Confirmed SpeakerLane Kendig is the founder of Kendig Keast Collaborative a national planning firm. Prior to that he worked in Bucks County, PA and was county planning director in Lake County, IL. He has practiced planning for over 45 years across the United States working for large and small cities, counties, and developers. He is the author of “Performance Zoning” (APA 1980) and the Island Press books “Community Character” and “Planning with Community Character” 2010. He has authored three PAS reports for APA, as well as writing numerous articles. He is an expert in comprehensive planning, land use regulations, and environmental protection. Mr. Kendig has not only written plans and codes, but reviewed thousands of site plans and designed developments ranging from small residential to super regional shopping centers.