Spatial Fiscal Impact Analysis
You’ll learn about:
- The spatial approach to fiscal impact analysis
- Why is a spatial approach is superior to other existing methods
- City finance, including a city's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR)
- The wealth of information prepared by the assessor, as well as other spatial data, such as police and fire calls.
- How this method works
- The GIS skills needed
- The costs, results and benefits?
- Communications obtaining buy-in from policy makers.
Planners are often asked to estimate the fiscal impact of a specific project. The existing methods treat fiscal impact as an economic model, using data from other cities, regression analysis, formulas and refinement coefficients. They deal with broad land use categories, and forecast the impact of commercial/industrial or residential but not both, and they ignore tax exempt uses.
The increasing availability of GIS data, particularly from the assessor, makes it possible to evaluate fiscal impact down to the parcel level, so that it can be summarized by detailed land use categories or neighborhoods. If a city had an ideal transaction processing system, to track the location of each dollar of revenue or expenditure, down to the land parcel level, they would have specific information on fiscal impact. Such a system does not exist. The Spatial Fiscal Impact method models what such a system might produce, using identifiable factors, such as land values, taxes, population, police and fire calls, and locally-maintained road frontage. A case study for the City of Bloomington, Illinois, shows how the method is used to measure the impact of sprawl and for ongoing planning. An intermediate session for experienced planners.
Confirmed SpeakerDr. Linda Tomaselli has been a planner since the early 70's, after graduating from the University of Minnesota, with a BA in Geography. She started out by working for the Camden County Planning Department, NJ, then at the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission in Philadelphia. In 1973 she earned an MA in geography from the University of Minnesota. Later she worked as a consultant, preparing comprehensive plans in New Jersey. Then in 1976, she moved back to Minnesota and was hired by the Metropolitan Council of the Twin Cities. At the Council, she was assigned to help cities prepare comprehensive plans under the recently passed Land Planning Act. In particular, she helped cities prepare capital improvement programs, and became aware of the need to project the fiscal impact of the proposed projects. In 1984, she began to learn about Geographic Information Systems (GIS). With the help of the State Planning Agency, she began to pursue the idea of using GIS to measure fiscal impact. In 1988 she won a substantial research grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and conducted an analysis for the City of Anoka. In 1989 she wrote her PhD dissertation using the results, and was awarded the Horwood Critique Prize from the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (URISA) for the best paper. Unfortunately, the idea of using GIS for fiscal impact was before its time, so she spent the next 20 years as a GIS consultant to counties, working on a wide range of projects, from aerial photography, to TIGER files, parcel mapping, soil mapping and rural addressing to name a few . However, by 2009, most cities had developed GIS capabilities, and the quality of input data had greatly improved. Dr. Tomaselli decided to revisit the City of Anoka, and did an update of the analysis. APA published two of her articles on the project in 2012 and 2013. In 2014, she contracted with the McLean County Planning Commission to prepare a Spatial Fiscal Impact study for the City of Bloomington, IL. She also has other projects in currently in process.
, McLean County RPC
Confirmed SpeakerMs. Vasudha Pinnamaraju, AICP is the Executive Director for McLean County Regional Planning Commission (MCRPC). In this role she oversees the transportation and land use planning programs in Bloomington-Normal and the McLean County Region and represents MCRPC before a variety of government, business and stakeholder organizations across the region. Under her leadership, the agency just completed Bring It On Bloomington, an award winning comprehensive plan for City of Bloomington. The 18 month long planning process in Bloomington was the first of its kind in the area to engage a broad range of stakeholders in the process and openly discuss issues such as education and health, their impacts on the physical, social and economic health of our neighborhoods and the community. Ms. Pinnamaraju believes that plans created with the community are much more meaningful than those created for them. Ms. Pinnamaraju is actively involved in the community and also serves as a board member of Illinois Prairie Community Foundation (IPCF), Advocate-Bromenn Regional Medical center and the Bloomington Normal YMCA. Prior to joining MCRPC in 2013, Ms. Pinnamaraju worked for City of Decatur for eight years and held several titles including Environmental Planner, Economic Development Coordinator and Neighborhood Planner. During her tenure there, Ms. Pinnamaraju led several planning and redevelopment projects including downtown Decatur redevelopment and streetscape project, creation and administration of several Tax Increment Finance (TIF) districts along with many energy projects funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). During her time in Decatur, she was an active member of the community and served on the boards for a variety of organizations focusing on early education, health and environmental issues. Prior to pursuing a career in planning, Ms. Pinnamaraju practiced as an architect in India. She holds a bachelor’s degree in Architecture from Andhra University, India, and a Master’s in Community and Regional Planning from Iowa State University, Iowa. She is a member of the American Institute of Certified Planners and also serves on the Diversity committee of Illinois chapter of American Planning Association (ILAPA).