Poster: Complete Streets Policy Implementation: Lessons Learned
Complete Streets policies in existence as of May 2015 were compiled and evaluated using a tool developed by the study team to assess the extent to which 828 states, state departments of transportation, regional planning organizations, counties/consolidated cities, municipalities, and towns addressed project prioritization and implementation strategies in their policies. Additionally, telephonic key informant (KI) interviews were conducted with 16 individuals (planners, transportation/engineering/public works officials, and advocates) located in 8 jurisdictions with Complete Streets policies to help us better understand these strategies in practice. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using Atlas to identify common themes.
We found that 63% of jurisdictions addressed implementation steps, 34% addressed collection/reporting of performance measures, and only 14% addressed a community input component in their policies. Out of the 518 jurisdictions that addressed implementation steps, 43% mentioned creating a new approval process/procedures while only 26% mentioned that the jurisdiction seek out funding to implement the policy.
Some of the common themes that resulted from the KI interviews included: support from policy makers is key for successful implementation, most communities lacked a concerted project prioritization process, lack of funding/resources was consistently mentioned as a barrier to implementation, and the evaluation of the impact of Complete Streets policies on travel/usage was not being conducted.
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Confirmed SpeakerEmily Thrun is a Research Specialist at the Institute for Health Research and Policy at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). She holds a B.A. in Political Science from Northern Illinois University and a Master of Urban Planning and Policy with an emphasis in physical planning from UIC. She has managed numerous research projects related to land use and built environment policy strategies to increase physical activity and healthy eating. Additionally she has authored reports, manuscripts, and presented research findings at multiple American Planning Association Annual Meetings and Active Living Research Annual Meetings covering topics related to health and planning.