Local Planning in Climate Change Adaptation
You'll learn about:
Processes associated with managed realignment/managed retreat that can be informed by informal or formal planning
Specific opportunities for local planning in the context of managed realignment/managed retreat
Novel approaches to public participation in decision-making around climate change adaptation, focusing on tools currently in use in New Jersey
As seas worldwide rise due to climate change, some land along coasts and estuaries will become permanently inundated. Other land will have increased risks of erosion, wave damage, and flooding from tides, storm surge, and wind. Residents who are low-income, have their modest savings invested in a coastal parcel, or live in sites that are already vulnerable to storms face the greatest difficulties in responding. Some households are already leaving eroding or storm-damaged settlements in an ongoing and slow migration. The costs of this unplanned retreat are being borne by these individuals and by institutions that may not have anticipated such costs, creating a new form of environmental injustice.
In low-density settlements, and in communities lacking resources for elaborate barriers (seawalls) or accommodations (raising houses on stilts), moving could be the safest, most cost-effective, and most humane option. Planned moving (managed realignment or managed retreat) involves two processes that could be guided by informal or formal planning, one to ease the transition from threatened sites and another to promote settlement in safer places.
Learn about how to use urban and community planning to focus deliberations about the momentous choice of retreating from sections of the coast and of reestablishing community elsewhere. Gain an overview of planning tools you can use to increase public participation in decision-making about adaptation responses that may change or end human uses of shore areas. Discuss general tools and the more comprehensive planning protocol currently being used by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, as well as two specific tools being used by New Jersey communities: the “Getting to Resilience: Community Planning and Evaluation Tool” and The Nature Conservancy’s “Coastal Resilience Tool.”
, Rutgers University
, New Brunswick
Confirmed SpeakerKaren M. O’Neill is a sociologist who studies policies about land and water. Her work in urban planning includes studies of biodiversity protections and slow growth and pro-growth policies. Her most recent co-edited book analyzes changes in institutions in response to Hurricane Sandy (Rutgers University Press). She is a member of teams in two international competitions for coastal resilience designs, one for the New Jersey shore after Hurricane Sandy, under the “Rebuild by Design” competition (finalist team), and the second to use the Mississippi River to replenish coastal land in Louisiana, under the “Changing Course” competition (one of three winning teams).
, Jc Nerr
Confirmed SpeakerLisa Auermuller is the Assistant Manager of the Jacques Cousteau National Estuarine Research Reserve (JC NERR) in Tuckerton, NJ. She has been employed there since 2002. Lisa’s role includes assessing the needs of coastal decision makers and assembling training opportunities through JC NERR’s Coastal Training Program. These programs are designed to better inform decision makers through the use of science-based applied research, visualization tools and best practices. Most recently, Lisa’s primary areas of interest have coastal community vulnerability and resilience as they relate to current and future coastal hazards. Lisa has worked with a variety of partners and stakeholders to develop tools and protocols to help communities understand their risks, plan for those risks and put resiliency, mitigation and adaptation measures into place. Lisa oversees a team of Coastal Resilience Specialists who work one-on-one with municipal staff and elected and appointed officials to assess municipal vulnerability and risk, facilitate a resilience preparedness and planning assessment process and to recommend implementation options at short and long-term scales. Lisa’s work combines natural and social science aspects of the coastal decision making process.
Confirmed SpeakerHeather Fenyk, PhD, AICP/PP is Founding Principal of Global Metrics, LLC, an urban planning research and consulting firm based in New Brunswick, NJ and Founding President of the Lower Raritan Watershed Partnership (LRWP), New Jersey's newest watershed association. Heather holds a doctorate in Planning and Public Policy and a Masters in City and Regional Planning, both from Rutgers University. She believes that the most enduring solutions to difficult societal problems are best addressed through community engagement and collaboration of diverse partners.
Confirmed SpeakerKelly Pflicke is a Planner with the Office of Coastal and Land Use Planning for the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP). Kelly supports the state’s Coastal Management Program and is primarily focused on initiatives to build community resilience to coastal hazards, including managing pilot planning projects; developing municipal-level guidance on adaptation actions; and refining assessment tools. Before joining the NJDEP, she worked in hazard mitigation planning and conducted research on social vulnerability to environmental hazards. Kelly holds a Master of City and Regional Planning from Rutgers University and a Bachelor of Arts in Geography from Georgia Southern University.