Poster: Examining State Transportation Project Selection Processes
With the rapid changes in people and goods movement and desires to move towards more cost-effective approaches for promoting mobility, accessibility, intermodal movements and a multitude of other objectives, state departments of transportation (DOTs), collaborating with local and regional counterparts, play a critical role in meeting new transportation demands and responding to existing ones.
Many states are expressing interest in refining their practices in long-range transportation planning and programming to integrate performance-based focuses, which are emphasized under recent federal rulemakings stemming from the enactment of Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) legislation. Performance-based planning and programming processes are of increasing interest to states as pointed out through a national survey conducted this year. The expectations of our transportation system to do more without additional resources has been placed on agencies, and state transportation agencies have responded to this challenge with many adopting new practices over the last three years.
Recent practices put to use have involve using multi-objective decision analysis (MODA) to help state transportation agencies identify new capacity improvements that generate the greatest benefits based on a chosen set of criteria that tend to include economic, environmental, land use, safety, mobility, accessibility, and equity factors in analysis. The recent adoption of these new approaches towards prioritization of projects is used in my research to design new sets of practices and tools for state DOTs.