A Guide to National Sign-Illumination Standards
You'll learn about:
- Scientifically verifiable sign-illumination standards and how they impact both aesthetics and traffic safety
- A legal framework for "time, place, and manner" sign-illumination regulation post-Reed vs. Town of Gilbert
- Key factors that local communities should be aware of when implementing sign-illumination restrictions
Increasingly, municipalities across the United States are involved in regulating outdoor lighting at night and enacting codes to accomplish those goals. On-premise signs are often included in outdoor lighting regulations. This session introduces national sign-illumination standards, based on research conducted at the Larson Transportation Institute at Pennsylvania State University. These standards are the first of their kind.
The session will help you take the guesswork out of developing lighting regulations for signs. You'll learn about the fundamentals of the research process, legal and constitutional issues of sign-illumination regulation as they may relate to the First Amendment and the 2015 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Reed vs. Town of Gilbert, and the practical aspects of sign-illumination standards implementation and enforcement.
, University Park
Confirmed SpeakerMr. Garvey’s academic background is in psychology, visual perception, and experimental design. He has been designing and running human factors research experiments that explore the interaction between humans and their visual environment for twenty-five years. Mr. Garvey has been conducting original human factors research to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of commercial signs since 1994. His research studies have examined the impact of commercial signs on the environment, and the effect on sign visibility of font, color, internal vs. external illumination, mounting height, lateral offset, parallel vs. perpendicular mounting, conventional sign lighting levels, and most recently, electronic message center brightness levels. Mr. Garvey recently wrote the human factors chapter on signage for the Handbook of Transportation Engineering published by McGraw-Hill and the Abu Dhabi and Dubai Outdoor Advertising Control Manuals.
, Cleveland State University
Confirmed SpeakerAlan Weinstein holds a joint faculty appointment at the rank of Full Professor with Tenure at Cleveland State University’s Cleveland-Marshall College of Law and Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, and also serves as Director of the College of Law’s Master of Legal Studies (MLS) Program and the Colleges' Law & Public Policy Program, and Joint Degree Programs in Law and Urban Planning & Development (JD/MUPD) and Law and Public Administration (JD/MPA). Prior to his appointment at Cleveland State, he taught at the University of Wisconsin’s School of Architecture & Urban Planning, the Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center at Touro College, and Wayne State University Law School. Professor Weinstein’s education includes a B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania, a Master of City Planning (M.C.P.) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a J.D. from Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley. Professor Weinstein is a nationally-recognized expert on state/local government, land-use planning and law who lectures frequently at planning and law conferences and has published over seventy books, treatise chapters and journal articles. Professor Weinstein served as Chair of the Planning & Law Division of the American Planning Association (APA) from 1990 to 1992 and was one of the national experts in planning law who served as Reporters for APA's monthly publication, Planning & Environmental Law, from 1990 to until it ceased publication in 2015. Professor Weinstein’s research and writing has focused on various aspects of state/local government law and land use planning and policy. He is the co-author, with Brian Blaesser, Esq., of the treatise, Federal Land Use Law & Litigation (Thomson/West 2017) and a co-author and co-editor of Land Use and the Constitution (APA Planners Press 1989). In 2004 he served as a consultant to the Cleveland Bar Association’s study of the prospects for regional governance in Cuyahoga County and in 2009-10 worked with the Brookings Institution and Rebuild Ohio in their study of prospects for regionalization in Ohio In addition to his teaching, research and writing, Professor Weinstein has over 35 years of experience in practice as a planner, attorney, consultant, and expert witness in settings ranging from research design and project management to state and federal court litigation at both the trial and appellate levels.
Confirmed SpeakerDr. Poland is a planner and community strategist with over twenty years’ experience in land use planning, community development, and economic development. Having worked in the public, private, non-profit, and academic sectors, Dr. Poland offers a unique perspective and understanding of the social, economic, spatial, governance, and policy challenges that face our urban areas. Dr. Poland earned his PhD from University College London, Department of Geography, Cities and Urbanization program. His doctoral research focused on urban ecology, ecological resilience, and how ecological metaphors and theory can help us understand urban environments as complex adaptive systems. His consultancy, while covering a wide range of planning areas and providing extensive services, focuses mostly on smaller cities and weak-market communities that struggle to compete for investment. Dr. Poland's consultancy work has included post-Katrina planning, land use, and redevelopment strategies for St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, an economic investment strategy for the City of Oswego, New York, the preparation of a HUD NSP-2 application for Venango County, Pennsylvania, and Dr. Poland has been accepted as an expert witness in the areas of land use planning, neighborhood redevelopment, and community development in the United States District Court, Eastern District of Louisiana. Dr. Poland is a member of the American Institute of Certified Planners and a Certified Zoning Enforcement Official. He is a Past-President of the Connecticut Chapter of the American Planning Association and served on the Board of Trustees for the CT Trust for Historic Preservation. Dr. Poland is a Visiting Lecturer in Public Policy, Graduate Studies Program at Trinity College, Hartford, CT and he also lectures in geography and urban planning at the University of Connecticut and Central Connecticut State University.
, United States Sign Council
Confirmed SpeakerRichard Crawford currently serves as Legislative Consultant to the United States Sign Council and is a licensed attorney. A graduate of Drew University and Rutgers Law School in New Jersey, he also provides expert testimony and zoning consulting services related to on-premise signs to municipalities and end users through his firm Mercer Sign Consultants, and has directed over (14) fourteen research projects on signs for the USSC. He is co-author of the most recent edition of the American Planning Association’s Street Graphics and the Law, as well as the USSC’s Model On-Premise Sign Code. He was a member of the International Code Council’s (ICC) International Zoning & Property Maintenance Committee from 2003 to 2011, and was a member of the ICC International Energy Conservation/Existing Building/Property Maintenance/Zoning Interpretation Committee from 2008 to 2011.