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How do cities and counties cooperate on planning and development review?
Our city would like to review some of the development petitions that occur outside of the city's boundaries within the county's jurisdiction. Is there a model process for setting up this type of cooperative planning and development review?
Instances in which a city makes arrangements to participate in development review for certain development applications in a county's jurisdiction are typically addressed in intergovernmental joint planning agreements. Joint planning agreements are a form of intergovernmental cooperation that help local governments address cross-jurisdictional impacts on infrastructure, land use, capital improvements, and development timing. Although these agreements can be between any two or more local governments, most joint planning agreements involve at least one municipality and one county.
While specific provisions vary from agreement to agreement, the basic purpose of a joint planning agreement is to create a mechanism for planning and reviewing future growth in a specified area. For joint planning agreements between a city and county, the agreement usually relates to specifically designated county land that may be annexed by the city within the next 20–30 years. Looking ahead to such potential annexations, the city's interest is in ensuring that development within these county areas is compatible with existing city standards and development patterns.
Joint planning agreements often detail development review procedures for the designated planning area, as well as standards for service provision or land-use planning cooperation. Depending on the scope and nature of the cooperation, a joint planning agreement may also create a new joint city-county body for planning and review purposes, or detail how revenue generated by future development will be shared among local governments. Typically, however, these agreements require the party that received a development application for a site within the designated joint planning area to share the application with the other party, and requires the comments of the other party to be considered in the decision-making process of the party performing the review.
- Durango and La Plata (Colorado), City and County of. 2005. Intergovernmental Agreement Regarding Joint Land Use Planning Between the City of Durango, Colorado and La Plata County, Colorado. www.durangogov.org/planning/INTERGOVERNMENTAL%20AGREEMENT.pdf
- Gunnison (Colorado), City and County of. 2003. Guidelines for Reviewing Land Use Change Permit Applications Within the Gunnison Three-Mile Area. www.gunnisoncounty.org/DocumentCenter/View/1837. See also Three Mile Plan/Urban Growth Boundary Intergovernmental Agreement, 2001. www.cityofgunnison-co.gov/Community%20Development/planning_department/planning_documents/
- Haines City and Polk (Florida), City and County of. 2009. Joint Planning and Interlocal Service Boundary Agreement Between Haines City and Polk County. www.polk-county.net/WorkArea/linkit.aspx?LinkIdentifier=id&ItemID=13550
- Janusz, Abby. 2006. Planning for Growth: Intergovernmental Agreements in Colorado. Denver: State of Colorado Office of Smart Growth. www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite?blobcol=urldata&blobheadername1=Content-Disposition&blobheadername2=Content-Type&blobheadervalue1=inline%3B+filename%3D%22IGA+Handbook.pdf
- Las Vegas and Clark (Nevada), City and County of. 2008. Restated Interlocal Agreement Between the City of Las Vegas and County of Clark for Establishing a Joint Position on Corporate Boundaries, Planning, Public Facilities/Service Provision and Future Annexations. www.clarkcountynv.gov/Depts/comprehensive_planning/land_use/Documents/
- Maryland Office of Planning, State of. 1994. Interjurisdictional Coordination for Comprehensive Planning. Managing Maryland's Growth Models and Guidelines 6. www.mdp.state.md.us/PDF/OurProducts/Publications/ModelsGuidelines/mg06.pdf
- Mount Dora and Lake (Florida), City and County of. 2004. City of Mount Dora—Lake County Joint Planning Agreement. www.lakecountyfl.gov/pdfs/growth_management/comprehensive_planning/
- Municipal Research and Services Center (Washington). "Growth Management and Planning Interlocal Agreements." http://mrsc.org/Home/Explore-Topics/Planning/General-Planning-and-Growth-Management/Growth-Management-and-Planning-Interlocal-Agreemen.aspx .
- Old Mill Creek, Wadsworth, and Lake (Illinois), Villages and County of. 2006. Intergovernmental Agreement Between The Village Of Old Mill Creek, The Village Of Wadsworth And The County Of Lake Regarding The Illinois Route 173/I-94 Interchange. www.lakecountyil.gov/Planning/PlanningandSupportServices/Documents/
- Spokane Valley and Spokane (Washington), City and County of. 2008. Interlocal Agreement Regarding Joint Planning Between Spokane County and the City of Spokane Valley. www.spokanecounty.org/bp/data/meetings/TurtleCreekJPA.pdf
- Windsor and Laramie (Colorado), Town and County of. 2001. Intergovernmental Agreement Regarding Cooperation on Managing Urban Development. www.larimer.org/planning/planning/windsor_iga.pdf
- Wayne and Kane (Illinois), Village and County of. 2008. An Intergovernmental Agreement for the Adoption Of A Joint Or Compatible Local Land Resource Management Plan Under The Local Land Resource Management Planning Act. http://countyofkane.org/Contracts/2009/County%20Development/2009-5%20Village%20of%20Wayne.pdf