The Right to Transportation

Moving to Equity

By Thomas Sanchez, Marc Brenman, Jacinta Ma, Richard Stolz

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Does transportation affect the lives of minority, low-income, elderly, and physically disabled citizens? The answer is yes — and those effects can be profound, according to The Right to Transportation. The authors argue that transportation policies can limit access to education, jobs, and services for some individuals while undermining the economy and social cohesion of entire communities...

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Page Count
Date Published
Jan. 15, 2008
APA Planners Press

About the Authors

Thomas Sanchez
Tom Sanchez earned his PhD in City Planning from Georgia Tech in 1996 and has since taught at Iowa State University, Portland State University, the University of Utah, and is currently Chair and Professor of Urban Affairs and Planning at Virginia Tech. Sanchez conducts research in the areas of transportation, civil rights, environmental justice, public participation, and other social aspects of planning and policy. His research over the past 20 years has resulted in over 100 articles, reports, and conference presentations on these topics. As a Nonresident Senior Fellow for the Brookings Institution he produced several publications about how Metropolitan Planning Organizations address environmental justice in their transportation planning practices. He currently serves as the editor-in-chief of Housing Policy Debate, a leading journal on the topics of housing and community development policy. In 2012 he co-authored, Planning as if People Matter: Governing for Social Equity (Island Press) with Marc Brenman. In 2007 they co-authored The Right to Transportation: Moving to Equity (American Planning Association).

Marc Brenman

Jacinta Ma

Richard Stolz

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction
What Is Transportation Equity?

Chapter 2. Demographic Realities
Factors of Change
Metropolitan Income Inequalities
Development Patterns

Chapter 3. Transportation Costs and Inequities
Household Transportation Costs
Transportation Policy Favors Higher Income Public Transit Riders
Road Tolls
Metropolitan Planning Organizations and Disparities in Federal Funding
Economic Impact of Transportation Policy on Low-Income and Minority Households

Chapter 4. The Indirect Economic and Social Effects of Transportation Policies
Spatial Mismatch
Transportation Policies and Access to Housing
Transportation Policies and Health Effects

Chapter 5. Transportation Policy and Equity in the United States
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Department of Transportation’s Enforcement of Civil Rights
Legislation and Executive Orders
Equity and the Courts

Chapter 6. Extending Transportation Equity
Native Americans and Transportation Equity
Language Barriers
Racial Profiling
Unequal Access to Transportation Construction Opportunities

Chapter 7. Disability, Aging, and Transportation Equity
Principles of Transportation Equity for People with Disabilities
Coordination of Federal Agency Efforts on Human Services Access
Other Transportation Barriers Confronting People with Disabilities

Chapter 8. Conclusions
Terrorism and Natural Disasters
The Future of Transportation: Where Does Equity Fit?