Does transportation affect the lives of minority, low-income, elderly, and physically disabled citizens? The answer is yes — and those effects can be profound, according to The Right to Transportation. The authors argue that transportation policies can limit access to education, jobs, and services for some individuals while undermining the economy and social cohesion of entire communities...
About the Authors
Tom Sanchez earned his PhD in City Planning from Georgia Tech in 1996 and has since taught at Iowa State University, Portland State University, the University of Utah, and is currently Chair and Professor of Urban Affairs and Planning at Virginia Tech. Sanchez conducts research in the areas of transportation, civil rights, environmental justice, public participation, and other social aspects of planning and policy. His research over the past 20 years has resulted in over 100 articles, reports, and conference presentations on these topics. As a Nonresident Senior Fellow for the Brookings Institution he produced several publications about how Metropolitan Planning Organizations address environmental justice in their transportation planning practices. He currently serves as the editor-in-chief of Housing Policy Debate, a leading journal on the topics of housing and community development policy. In 2012 he co-authored, Planning as if People Matter: Governing for Social Equity (Island Press) with Marc Brenman. In 2007 they co-authored The Right to Transportation: Moving to Equity (American Planning Association).
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
What Is Transportation Equity?
Chapter 2. Demographic Realities
Factors of Change
Metropolitan Income Inequalities
Chapter 3. Transportation Costs and Inequities
Household Transportation Costs
Transportation Policy Favors Higher Income Public Transit Riders
Metropolitan Planning Organizations and Disparities in Federal Funding
Economic Impact of Transportation Policy on Low-Income and Minority Households
Chapter 4. The Indirect Economic and Social Effects of Transportation Policies
Transportation Policies and Access to Housing
Transportation Policies and Health Effects
Chapter 5. Transportation Policy and Equity in the United States
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Department of Transportation’s Enforcement of Civil Rights
Legislation and Executive Orders
Equity and the Courts
Chapter 6. Extending Transportation Equity
Native Americans and Transportation Equity
Unequal Access to Transportation Construction Opportunities
Chapter 7. Disability, Aging, and Transportation Equity
Principles of Transportation Equity for People with Disabilities
Coordination of Federal Agency Efforts on Human Services Access
Other Transportation Barriers Confronting People with Disabilities
Chapter 8. Conclusions
Terrorism and Natural Disasters
The Future of Transportation: Where Does Equity Fit?