Environmental protection is a global issue that largely depends on effective and timely action at the local level. In The Environmental Planning Handbook, Tom and Katherine Daniels clarify complex environmental issues, examine current sustainability efforts, and offer step-by-step guidance for local governments to incorporate sustainable environmental quality into local and regional comprehensi...
About the Authors
Tom Daniels is a Professor in the Department of City and Regional Planning at the University of Pennsylvania where he teaches courses on Environmental Planning, Land Use Planning, Land Preservation, and Growth Management. From 1989-1998, Tom served as the Director of the Lancaster County, PA farmland preservation program. He often serves as a consultant to local governments on growth management issues. He is the co-author of The Small Town Planning Handbook (3rd edition, APA, 2007), and The Planners Guide to CommunityViz (APA, 2011). He is the sole author of The Environmental Planning Handbook, 2nd edition (APA, 2014) and When City and Country Collide (Island Press, 1998) 2nd edition, APA, 2014). Tom has made many presentations at the APA National Conference and for APA's PTS program.
Table of Contents
Introduction:guarding the future:sustainable environmental planning and development • Sustainable development • A community perspective on planning for the environment • A regional perspective on planning for the environment • Managing the environment: problems and possibilities • A note on "good science"
Part I. The environmental planning process
1. Taking stock of the local environment and creating an environmental action plan • Adding environmental planning to the traditional comprehensive land use planning process • The enviornmental planning process • Day-to-day planning decisions:review of development proposals • Case studies: Columbus, Ohio: the city's environmental snapshot • The Twin Cities: a state of the region report and growth scenarios
2. The legal, economic, ethical and ecological foundations of environmental planning • Legal issues in environmental planning • The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency • Economic reasons for environmental planning • The political economy of sustainable environments • Ethical reasons for environmental planning • Ecology and environmental planning
Part II Planning for sustainable public health
3. Planning for sustainable water supply • Water supply challenges • Tampa Bay looks to the sea for drinking water supplies • The need for water supply planning • Drought and water supply planning • The federal approach to water supply planning • The safe drinking water act • State water supply planning • Regional and county water supply planning • Wastewater reuse • Local planning for water supply • What to look for in a development review • Case study: New York City's water supply protection program
4. Planning for sustainable water quality • Land use impacts on water quality • Potentially deadly e. coli bacteria • Lakes and ponds and eutrophication • Federal water quality standards and pollution control • Water quality in cost-benefit analysis and risk assessment • State water quality protection and clean-up • County and Regional partnerships and nonprofit groups • Local planning for water quality • What to look for in a development review • Cast studies: Barton Springs and Austin, Texas • The Maryland Stream releaf program
5. Planning for sustainable air quality • Sources of air pollution • Types of air pollution • Federal air quality legislation • The Clean Air Act and the 1970 and 1977 amendments • The 1990 Clean Air Act amendments • Atlanta, air quality and the Georgia Regional Transportation Authority • California's crackdown on motor vehicle emissions • The energy, air quality, and water quality link • Radon gas: a persistent toxic substance • Progress and continuing challenges in solving air pollution problems • State air quality management plans • Local planning for air quality • What to look for in a development review • Case studies: Acid deposition and federal and state air quality standards • The land use, air quality and transportation study Portland, Oregon
6. Planning for solid waste and recycling • The challenge of solid waste • Solid waste: the federal response • State solid waste disposal programs • Landfill gas to energy • Local and regional solid waste disposal options • Local plannig for solid waste disposal, reuse, and recycling • Eco-industrial parks
7. Planning for toxic substances and toxic waste • The challenge of toxic substances and hazardous waste • Toxic waste disposal • Rachel Carson and Silent Spring • Toxic nightmares: Rocky Flats and Woburn • Federal action on toxic substances • Cleaning up leaking underground fuel storage tanks • Hazardous waste and the new information economy • A toxic clean-up dilemma • Mining and toxic waste • Notice of intent to redevelop a brownfield property • Local planning for hazardous substances and toxic waste • Chemical exposure and local governments
Part III. Planning for natural areas
8. Protecting the nation's landscape treasures • The challenge of landscape protection • Federal planning for protecting the nation's landscape treasures • State programs to protect landscape treasures • Sierra Club sues Hawaii over tourism funding • Local and regional acquisition of open space • Local planning for landscape treasures
9. Planning for wildlife habitat • Pressures on wildlife habitat • Biodiversity, landscape ecology, and wildlife habitat • Federal efforts to protect wildlife habitat • Gap analysis program • The wildlands projects • Fisheries and extinction • State planning for wildlife habitat • Local planning for plant and wildlife habitat • Species conservation in San Diego County, California
10. Planning and managing wetlands • Pressures on wetlands • Federal wetlands protection efforts • Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment • State wetlands management • Big-time wetlands restoration: The Florida Everglades • Local planning for wetlands
11. Coastal Zone Management • The challenge of coastal zone management • Federal planning and management of coastal resources • State and regional coastal protection programs • Protecting the Chesapeake Bay • Local planning for coastal resources • Local planning and coastal storms • Case studies: The California coastal commission • The California coastal conservancy
12. Planning for natural hazards and natural disasters • The challenge of planning for disaster-resistant conmunities • Federal planning for natural disasters and hazard mitigation • California wildfires • State planning for natural disasters and hazard mitigation • A few million dollars of prevention • Local planning for natural disasters and hazard mitigation • National model building codes
Part IV. Planning for working landscapes
13. Planning for sustainable working landscapes: farmland and ranchland • Challenges to maintaining working agricultural landscapes • Federal planning for farmland protection • Federal soil and water conservation programs • State farmland protection programs • Land trusts and farmland preservation • Local planning for farmland protection • Agricultural economic development • Case study • Confined animal feeding operations
14. Planning for sustainable working landscapes: forestry • Pressures on forests • Forest types • Federal forestland programs • State forestland programs • Third-party certification: a voluntary approach to sustainable private forest management • Land trusts and the protection of forestland • Local planning for forestlands • Forests and carbon sequestration • Case studies: The northern forest initiative • The Headwaters Forest • The spotted owl controversy
15. Planning for mining • The challenges of mineral aggregate mining • Federal mining regulations • State mining regulations • Local planning for mineral and aggregate resources
Part V. Planning for the built environment
16. Transportation planning and the environment • Transportation planning challenges • Federal approaches to transportation planning • Regional approaches to transporation planning • A tale of two rivals • Alternative transportation modes • Energy, transportation, and the internet • Airport planning and development • Local planning for transportation • Case studies: Kansas City, Missouri • Transportation planning in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina
17. Planning for energy • America's energy challenges: production, consumption, efficiency and conservation • America's energy sources • Energy extraction and water pollution • Federal energy planning • State energy planning • Local energy planning • Promoting "green" buildings • The building code and energy conservation
18. Planning for a sustainable built environment • Challenges to creating a sustainable built environment • The Americans with Disabilities Act • A note on the land-value taxation • The Ahwahnee Principles for development design • Federal efforts in urban redevelopment • State efforts to revitalize cities • Local planning for the built environment • Case study: Chattanooga, Tennessee: from worst to first
19. Planning for the built environment: greenfield development and site design • The challenge of sprawl • Federal programs to manage greenfield development • State programs to manage greenfield development • Regional and local management of greenfield development • Los Angeles: can the environment keep pace? • Density choices, comprehensive planning and zoning • A note on golf courses • Local planning for greenfield development • Case studies: Newhall Ranch, Los Angeles County, California • Prairie Crossing, Illinois • Tracking greenfield and urban development in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Part VI. Environmental Planning challenges at home and abroad
20. Positive trends and urgent needs for sustainable environmental planning • Positive environmental trends • Environmental planning needs and challenges • The supplemental environmental project policy of the environmental protection agency • International environmental planning needs • A final note on sustainable environmental planning
Appendix: Sample environmental impact assessment report within the local subdivision and land development regulations
Glossary • Contacts • Bibliography • Index
Excerpted from a comparison of Environmental Land Use Planning Management and The Environmental Planning Handbook in JAPA, Volume 71, No. 1, Winter 2005:
"The Environmental Planning Handbook's strong point is its breadth of coverage and attention to the institutional aspects of environmental planning, including extensive coverage of federal and state legislation and the actors involved."
—Raymond J. Burby, FAICP, professor of city and regional planning at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.