Planning for an Aging Society (PAS 451)

By Deborah Howe, FAICP, Nancy Chapman, Sharon Baggett

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The demographics of the United States are gradually changing. Americans are living longer and having fewer children. By the year 2030, more than 20 percent of the population will be age 65 or older. As a result, society faces a newly pressing need for elder housing.

This report explains the physical and psychological needs of the elderly. The authors give an overview of the processes that af...

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Product Details

Page Count
Date Published
April 1, 1994
APA Planning Advisory Service

About the Authors

Deborah Howe

Nancy Chapman

Sharon Baggett

Table of Contents

1. The demographics of aging and considerations for community planning
The growing population of older adults • Diversity within the older population • Creating age-sensitive communities • Closing thoughts

2. Physical changes with age
The normal aging process • Sensory changes • Changes in the brain and nervous system • Changes in the circulatory and cardio-pulmonary system • Changes in the muscular-skeletal system and change in kidney function • Planning implications of physical changes • The psycho-social needs of older persons • Disabilities and federal policy • Summary

3. Aging in place: Maintaining independence in the single-family residence
An overview of housing options • Assessing the feasibility of alternatives • Encouraging alternatives

4. Innovations in manufactured housing developments
The demand • Current issues • The Vantage Glen story • Replicating the Vantage Glen concept • The potential of manufactured housing

5. Specialized housing: Planning and zoning implications
The continuum • Specialized housing for the elderly • Other housing alternatives • Planning for the mix • Other issues

6. Site planning
Assessing the market • Site plan review • The future

7. Improving mobility: Walking, driving, and public transit
Older people as drivers • Older people as pedestrians • Public transit and specialized transit

8. The participation of older adults in public meetings
ADA requirements for public participation • Improving communication skills with meeting participants

9. Retirement communities: Economic and political impacts
How retirement communities emerge • The impact of retirees on local political and economic measures • Economic impacts of a growing retirement population • Impact of growing retirement population on services • The future • Considerations for planning

Appendix A. Long-range community assessment: Responding to the needs of older adults