The Rules That Shape Urban Form (PAS 570)

By Donald Elliott, Matthew Goebel, Chad Meadows

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From the Euclidean box to the SmartCode, planners have a wide range of tools for shaping the form of cities and how they function.

This practical report looks at six ways cities have adopted "form-based" zoning tools and the results that followed. Case studies describe the pros, cons, and consequences of form-based zoning regulations in Austin, Texas; Mooresville, North Carolina; D...

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Product Details

Page Count
Date Published
Oct. 1, 2012
APA Planning Advisory Service

About the Authors

Donald Elliott

Matthew Goebel

Chad Meadows

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction
Planned Unit Developments and Performance Zoning
Form-Based Zoning
Goals and Organization of This Report

Chapter 2: The Wide Range of Form Controls
Form Standards Inserted into Euclidean Districts: Nonresidential Design and Mixed Use Standards in Austin, Texas
Linking Building Types to Permitted Uses: The Use/Form Table in Mooresville, North Carolina
Mandatory Form-Based Zones without Regulating Plans: Main Street Zones in Denver
Optional Districts with Incentives: The Columbia Pike Form District, Arlington County, Virginia
Mandatory Form-Based Districts for Specific Areas: The Hybrid Code in Livermore, California
Mandatory Citywide Form-Based Codes: The Miami 21 Zoning Ordinance

Chapter 3: Form-Based Controls in the Broader Planning Context
Form Controls, Sustainability, and Climate Change
Form Controls and Demographic Changes
Form Controls and Housing Affordability
Form Controls and Historic Preservation

Chapter 4: Conclusion
Different Approaches Are the Norm
Form Controls Are Generally Working
Testing and Tweaking Are Often Required
Limited Effectiveness in Tackling Other Planning Challenges
A User's Guide to Selecting Form-Based Tools
The Bottom Line