Copyright and Legal Notices

Copyrights and Trademarks

All of the contents and material on this website are the property of the American Planning Association (APA) or the third parties who have granted APA permission to publish materials on this website and are protected by all applicable copyright laws, trademark laws, and international conventions and treaties. All rights reserved by APA or by the original owner.

You may not copy, distribute, or transmit material from this website without the prior written permission of APA or the original copyright owner except that you may download, view, and print one copy for your personal, noncommercial use only, provided that you keep intact all copyright and other proprietary notices. Non-authorized use or modification of the materials is a violation of the proprietary rights of APA or of the original copyright owner.

All trademarks and trade names used by APA are the property of APA or belong to their respective owners, including that APA, Planning, Zoning News, Zoning Practice, Land Use Law & Zoning Digest, Planning & Environmental Law, Planning Advisory Service, Planners Press, and others have been registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office. American Planning Association is a registered trademark of APA.

Nothing herein shall grant any express or implied right or license with respect to any copyrights, trademarks or other materials or information on this website. You must abide by all additional copyright notices or other restrictions contained in this website or relative to any material published on this website.

Permission Requests

Send any inquiries concerning the use of APA software, trademarks, copyrights, or designs to APA at, or write to the American Planning Association, Attn: Permissions and Reprints, 205 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 1200, Chicago, IL 60601.

Linking Policy

APA requests that you not create a link to the Uniform Resource Locator (URL) for this website without the prior written permission of APA. In no case may this site be mirrored.

The links on our site are provided only for the convenience of site visitors. APA has no responsibility or control over linked sites. APA makes no promises or warranties of any kind, expressed or implied, as to the content of the linked sites. In no event shall APA be liable for any damage resulting from the use of these links.

Jurisdictional Issues

Unless otherwise specified, the materials in the site are presented solely for the purpose of providing information about planning and rendering services to APA members in the United States, its territories, possessions, and protectorates.

This site is controlled and operated by APA from its offices within the State of Illinois, United States of America. APA makes no representation that materials in the site are appropriate or available for use in other locations. Those who choose to access this site from other locations do so on their own initiative and are responsible for compliance with local laws, if and to the extent local laws are applicable.

Software from this site is further subject to United States export controls. No software from this site may be downloaded or otherwise exported or reexported (i) into (or to a national or resident of) Cuba, Iraq, Libya, Yugoslavia, North Korea, Iran, Syria or any other country to which the U.S. has embargoed goods; or (ii) to anyone on the U.S. Treasury Department's list of Specially Designated Nationals or the U.S. Commerce Department's Table of Deny Orders. By downloading or using the Software, you represent and warrant that you are not located in, under the control of, or a national or resident of any such country or on any such list.


The materials in this site are provided "as is" and without warranties of any kind either express or implied. To the fullest extent permissible pursuant to applicable law, APA disclaims all warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. APA does not warrant that the functions contained in the materials will be uninterrupted or error-free, that defects will be corrected, or that this site or the server that makes it available are free of viruses or other harmful components. APA does not warrant or make any representations regarding the use or the results of the use of the materials in this site in terms of their correctness, accuracy, reliability, or otherwise. You (and not APA) assume the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, or correction. Applicable law may not allow the exclusion of implied warranties, so the above exclusion may not apply to you.

Limitation of Liability

Under no circumstances, including but not limited to, negligence, shall APA be liable for any special or consequential damages that result from the use of, or the inability to use, the materials in this site, even if APA or an APA authorized representative has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Applicable law may not allow the limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. In no event shall APA's total liability to you for all damages, losses, and causes of action (whether in contract, tort (including, but not limited to, negligence) or otherwise) exceed the amount paid by you, if any, for accessing this site.