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    • Robert Goodspeed Plans for Uncertain Futures Using Exploratory Scenario Planning

      On local or global scales, XSP broadens planning tools to bring into view the outside forces that shape planning.
      by: Joseph DeAngelis, AICP
      On local or global scales, XSP broadens planning tools to bring into view the outside forces that shape planning.
    • Smart City Digital Twins Are a New Tool for Scenario Planning

      Digitalization and virtual simulation of entire cities can help planners experiment with solutions to meet complex problems.
      by: Petra Hurtado, PhD, Alexsandra Gomez       April 01, 2021
      Many plans and policies would benefit from undergoing a test stage before implementation. Up until now, the options to do so have been fairly limited. Smart city digital twins promise to change that by allowing planners to explore solutions in a controlled environment that mimics the real city.
    • 2023 Trend Report for Planners

      by: Petra Hurtado, PhD, Sagar Shah, PhD, AICP, Joseph DeAngelis, AICP, Alexsandra Gomez       January 24, 2023
      The 2023 Trend Report for Planners features more than 100 existing, emerging, and potential future trends that APA identified as relevant to planning. The trends are structured within three timeframes (Act Now, Prepare, Learn and Watch), which indicate the urgency of planners’ action.
    • 2024 Trend Report for Planners

      by: Petra Hurtado, PhD, Sagar Shah, PhD, AICP, Joseph DeAngelis, AICP, Ievgeniia Dulko, Senna Catenacci, Scarlet Andrzejczak       January 31, 2024
      The 2024 Trend Report features a list of over 100 existing, emerging, and potential future trends that the APA Foresight team, together with our Trend Scouting Foresight Community, identified as relevant to planning.
    • Extended Reality for Planning

      PAS QuickNotes 98
      by: Jennifer Mendez
      This edition of PAS QuickNotes explores the ways in which planners can use extended reality (XR) for many different aspects of planning work, including visualizations with real-world context, community engagement with vulnerable populations, and planning scenario design.
      Nonmember price
      APA members & PAS subscribers
    • Effectiveness of Regional Scenario Planning

      by: Michael Uhll
      Uncovering JAPA: Exploration of three metropolitan regions for how their regional plans are reflected in municipal plans.
    • Robust Plans and Contingent Plans: Scenario Planning for an Uncertain World

      Journal of the American Planning Association, 77(3): 251-266, 2011
      by: Arnab Chakraborty, AICP, Nikhil Kaza, Gerrit Knaap
      This article discusses how planners can integrate uncertainty into scenario planning.
    • Insights Into the Scenario Planning Methodology

      November 2014
      by: Cody Davidson
      This briefing paper reviews how various organizations have used scenario planning and shares lessons learned from international practice.
    • Engaging the Future: Forecasts, Scenarios, Plans, and Projects

      by: Lewis Hopkins, Marisa Zapata
      This book presents a collection of essays on scenario planning and other deliberative planning tools.
    • Scenario Planning for Urban Planners: Toward a Practitioners Guide

      Journal of the American Planning Association, 81(1): 18-29, 2015
      by: Arnab Chakraborty, AICP, Andrew McMillan
      This article presents a typology of scenario planning practices.
    • Exploratory Scenario Planning

      The Commissioner, Winter 2014
      by: Hannah Oliver
      This article defines the concept of exploratory scenario planning and highlights two examples of exploratory scenario planning initiatives.
    • Getting Scenario-Building Right

      Planning, November 2001
      by: Uri Avin, FAICP, Jane Dember
      This article introduces the concept of scenario-building in the context of local and regional planning.
    • Exploratory Scenario Planning for Climate In-Migration: A Guide for Cities in the Great Lakes Region

      August 2022
      by: Nicholas Rajkovich, Terry Schwarz
      This guide describes exploratory scenario planning techniques for cities to use, focused on climate migration.
    • Using Exploratory Scenarios in Planning Practice

      Journal of the American Planning Association, 86(4): 403-416, 2020
      by: Uri Avin, FAICP, Robert Goodspeed, AICP
      This article explores how planners can use exploratory scenario planning in different types of planning processes.
    • How to Use Exploratory Scenario Planning (XSP)

      August 2020
      by: Jeremy Stapleton
      This report is a resource for those interested in using scenario planning at a local, regional or organizational level.
    • Scenario Planning for Urban Planners: Toward a Practitioner's Guide

      Journal of the American Planning Association 81(1): 18-29, 2015
      by: Arnab Chakraborty, AICP, Andrew McMillan
      This article describes the building blocks of scenario planning to help planners understand how to use it as a tool.
    • Lessons Learned About Planning: Forecasting, Participation, and Technology

      Journal of the American Planning Association 79(2):161-169, 2014
      by: Richard Klosterman
      This article discusses the need for future oriented planning but recognizes that forecasting is difficult.
    • An Overview of Scenario Approaches: A Guide for Urban Design and Planning

      Journal of Planning Literature 37(3): 467-487
      by: Grace Jaude, Olaf Mumm, Vanessa Carlow
      This article reviews different approaches and methods used for scenario planning.
    • Introduction to Exploratory Scenario Planning

      June 2020
      This video series explains exploratory scenario planning methods.
    • From Exploratory Scenarios to Plans: Bridging the Gap

      Planning Theory & Practice, 23(4):637-646, 2022
      by: Uri Avin, FAICP, Robert Goodspeed, AICP, Lily Murnen
      This article describes how exploratory scenario planning can be used to create plans.
    • How Scenario Planning Affects Regional and Local Plans and Planning Practices

      June 2020
      by: Arnab Chakraborty, AICP, Stephen Sherman
      This briefing paper discusses how regional scenario planning can influence both regional and local plans.
    • What is Exploratory Scenario Planning?

      November 2019
      This video describes exploratory scenario planning (XSP) and explains the basics and benefits of using XSP as a planning tool.
    • How to Design Your Scenario Planning Process

      PAS Memo — July-August 2019
      by: Janae Futrell, AICP       July 01, 2019
      The July-August 2019 PAS Memo guides planners through the steps of scenario planning process design and includes a workbook to help create a roadmap for a scenario planning effort.
      List Price
      APA members & PAS subscribers
    • Interactive Fundamentals of Scenario Planning

      Presented in partnership with The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. This three-part course will introduce you to Scenario Planning methods and tools. Learn how to implement a fully-featured planning process with dynamically responsive plans to react to unexpected changes.
      CM | 1.50
    • Exploratory Scenario Planning for Uncertain Futures

      by: Emma Colley
      Uncovering JAPA: How can planners best use exploratory planning scenarios?
    • 6 Tips to Map an Uncertain Future

      Exploratory scenario planning is a powerful tool for long-range planning.
      August 01, 2020
      Exploratory scenario planning provides a tool that addresses uncertainty and fosters consideration of the interconnections between issues.
    • Building Resilience with Scenario Planning: An Interview with Dr. Robert Goodspeed

      Sponsored content from University of Michigan: Q&A with Dr. Robert Goodspeed, University of Michigan Associate Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, who is launching a 3-day course on Scenario Planning for Urban Futures.
    • Exploratory Scenario Planning Facilitator Modules

      This online training provides guidance for those looking to facilitate a scenario planning workshop.
    • Best-Case Scenario Planning

      Incorporating AV and other technology into plans.
      May 01, 2018
      Change and uncertainty — from technology to climate change to shifts in the economy — are disrupting the planning tradition of mid- and long-range forecasts. Scenario planning can be a powerful tool for incorporating uncertainty.
    • Out of the Box, Into the Scenario

      Enlisting a powerful tool to address the future of freight.
      June 01, 2015
      Freight planner Daniel Haake explores scenario-planning methods currently being used to plan domestic and international freight travel.
    • The Commissioner — December 2014

      In this PDF of The Commissioner's December 2014 issue: "Exploratory Scenario Planning," "Reducing Bias on Zoning Boards," "Wetlands Wisdom," and more.
      List price
      Members & subscribers
    • Tech for Scenario Planning

      Scenario planning has grown in acceptance and impact over the past decade, fueled in part by innovations in software.
    • Brave New World of Scenario Planning

      November 01, 2012
      In the Viewpoint column from Planning magazine’s November 2012 issue, Ray Quay discusses the importance of scenario planning.

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