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Vermont state law requires all localities to permit one attached or internal accessory dwelling unit (ADU) by-right for each owner-occupied single-family dwelling located outside of flood hazard or fluvial erosion areas, provided the property has sufficient wastewater capacity, the ADU does not exceed 30% of floor area of the principal dwelling, and the ADU conforms to local setback, coverage, and parking standards (24 VSA §4312(E)). The law also authorizes localities to adopt less restrictive zoning standards for ADUs and to require a discretionary approval for detached ADUs, ADUs that expand an existing dwelling, and ADUs that require an expansion of parking areas (24 VSA §4312(F)).
These statutes authorize planning commissions to submit recommendations for the capital improvement program (23 V.S.A. §4430). These recommendations must be in conformance with the comprehensive plan. These statutes also define capital projects.
The state’s planning and zoning enabling statutes preempt certain local regulations on minor home occupations (§4412(4)). These statutes enable jurisdictions to regulate the potential impacts of home occupations uses, while preempting local zoning for home occupations with de minimis land-use impacts.
Vermont authorizes all cities, towns, and villages to prepare comprehensice plans. And it authorizes cities, towns, and villages to adopt zoning regulations.
|Jurisdiction||Comprehensive Planning Enabling Statutes||Zoning Enabling Statutes|
Vermont’s planning and zoning enabling statute authorizes municipalities and counties to establish transfer of development rights programs (§4423). It addresses establishing sending and receiving areas, defining density increases and development rights related to conservation easements, and establishing compliance standards that include recording the instruments of transfer and mapping severed rights.