Eliminating Parking Minimums

Zoning Practice — June 2017

By Benjamin LeRoy


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For decades, many American planners unquestioningly applied minimum off-street parking requirements to projects of every conceivable size, type, and context. Meanwhile, a wealth of data-oriented research has produced a growing consensus within the planning profession that the traditional approach to requiring automobile parking produces more harm than good.

In response, cities and counties have begun chipping away at their parking requirements with a variety of techniques, such as shared parking formulas and fees-in-lieu of parking. While these incremental steps have generally proven popular with developers, relatively few communities have taken the bolder step of eliminating parking requirements in part or in full.

This issue of Zoning Practice explains the need for parking reform, profiles recent reform efforts in three cities, and presents a series of strategies to help planners make the case for eliminating off-street parking requirements to residents and elected officials.


Page Count
Date Published
June 1, 2017
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American Planning Association

About the Author

Benjamin LeRoy
Ben is the the Zoning Administrator for the City of Champaign. Prior to 2021, he served the City as an Associate Planner, practicing primarily in the areas of land use and active transportation. He was the project manager for Walk Champaign, Champaign's first pedestrian plan, and was currently heavily involved with Zone Champaign, the first comprehensive update to Champaign's zoning ordinance since 1996. Ben serves as a member of the APA-IL Legislative Committee. Ben also teaches land use law for both the Department of Urban and Regional Planning and the College of Law at UIUC.