Next-Generation Transportation Impact Fees

PAS Memo — January-February 2015

By Dwayne Guthrie, AICP, L. Carson Bise, AICP


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The January/February 2015 issue of PAS Memo provides a general overview of impact fees, offers ways to improve transportation impact fees so that they are in line with current demographic and market forces, and concludes with practical steps for putting next-generation impact fees into practice.


Page Count
Date Published
Jan. 1, 2015
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American Planning Association

About the Authors

Dwayne Guthrie, AICP
<p>In December 2020, Dr. Guthrie started DP Guthrie, LLC, to provide planning consulting services to public and private sector clients.&nbsp; From&nbsp;2018-2020, he&nbsp;was a&nbsp;Manager for Raftelis Financial Consultants.&nbsp; In 2017, Dr. Guthrie&nbsp;served as the Impact Fee Manager for Manatee County, Florida. During the preparation of impact fee programs in 27 states, Dr. Guthrie has helped community and government leaders make tough choices, while successfully managing all aspects of the consulting process. He has a doctorate in Planning, Governance, and Globalization from Virginia Tech and a Masters of Arts in Urban and Regional Planning from the University of Florida. Dr. Guthrie specializes in demographic analysis, development impact fees, capital improvements plans, fiscal evaluations, using market forces to manage growth, and the interaction of transportation and land use.&nbsp; Dr. Guthrie has also taught graduate &ndash;level planning classes, as a part-time Associate Professor of Practice at Catholic University of America and an adjunct professor at Virginia Tech.</p>

L. Carson Bise, AICP
Carson Bise has 30 years of fiscal, economic and planning experience and has conducted fiscal and infrastructure finance evaluations in 37 states. Mr. Bise has developed and implemented more fiscal impact models than any consultant in the country. The applications which Mr. Bise has developed have been used for evaluating multiple land use scenarios, specific development projects, annexations, urban service provision, tax-increment financing, and concurrency/adequate public facilities monitoring. Mr. Bise is also a leading national figure in the calculation of impact fees, having completed over 250 impact fees for the following categories: parks and recreation, open space, police, fire, schools, water, sewer, roads, municipal power, and general government facilities. Mr. Bise holds an M.B.A. in Economics from Shenandoah University and a B.S. in both Geography/Urban Planning and Political Science/Urban Studies from East Tennessee State University. Mr. Bise has also written and lectured extensively on fiscal impact analysis and infrastructure financing. His most recent publications are Fiscal Impact Analysis: Methodologies for Planners, published by the American Planning Association, a chapter on fiscal impact analysis in the book Planning and Urban Design Standards, also published by the American Planning Association, and the ICMA IQ Report, Fiscal Impact Analysis: How Today’s Decisions Affect Tomorrow’s Budgets. Mr. Bise was also the principal author of the fiscal impact analysis component for the Atlanta Regional Commission’s Smart Growth Toolkit and is featured in the recently released AICP CD-ROM Training Package entitled The Economics of Density. Mr. Bise is currently on the Board of Directors of the Growth and Infrastructure Finance Consortium and recently Chaired the American Planning Association’s Paying for Growth Task Force. He was also recently named an Affiliate of the National Center for Smart Growth Research & Education.