Coastal watershed counties make up less than 20 percent of the total U.S. land area, yet they are home to more than half the nation's population. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Coastal Population Report, these counties are already more than three times as densely populated as the rest of the country, and they are projected to add at least another 15 million people by 2020. How can coastal communities balance the competing demands of these dynamic environments and the people who live there? And what happens to that balance as climate change shifts the landscape?
This authoritative new report gives planners the tools they need to keep their heads above water and their feet on the ground. Chapters cover the broad expanse of coastal activities and uses, from preservation to recreation, tourism to transportation, industry to infrastructure. Specialists explore essential issues such as water quality, erosion, habitat conservation, stormwater management, responsible development and redevelopment, offshore energy development, and the promise — and limitations — of new geospatial technologies. Case studies show proven strategies at work in cities from Boston to Biloxi.
Written by planners for planners, Coastal Zone Management will help communities break the cycle of damage-rebuild-damage and find the sweet spot between environmental protection, economic rewards, and social equity.
About the Authors
Elizabeth Felter is a planner for the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission, concentrating on the Adapting to Rising Tides Program. From 2012 to 2014, she was a fellow with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Digital Coast Partnership, working on behalf of the American Planning Association and Coastal States Organization.
Marya Morris, AICP, is a planning and zoning consultant in the Chicago area. She worked for many years in the research department of the American Planning Association where she conducted research for practicing planners on topics including the connection between community design and public health, state-planning-enabling legislation, sustainability and smart growth, and sign regulations. She is a frequent contributing writer and editor for planning publications. Since 2009 she has served as a planning commissioner for the Village of Glencoe, Illinois, where she resides.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Essential Facts About Coastlines
The Coastal Economy
Housing, Tourism, and Recreation
Transportation and Ports
Human Impacts on Coastal Zones
Overview of This Report
Chapter 2: The Nature of Coasts and Climate-Change Threats
The Physical Elements of Coasts
Climate Change Impacts on Coastlines
Chapter 3: Federal and State Coastal Zone Management Programs
Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972
National Flood Insurance Program
Other Federal Programs
State Coastal Zone Management Programs
Federal and State Programs: An Overview
Chapter 4: Local Coastal Zone Management Planning
Coastal and Waterfront Planning: An Overview
Adaptation and Resilience Planning
Chapter 5: Great Lakes Coastal Zone Management Programs
Chapter 6: Conclusion: Principles of Effective Planning in Coastal Zones
Ensuring Environmental Quality
Developing and Redeveloping Responsibly
Ensuring Equitable Access
Managing Stormwater and Watersheds Effectively
Engaging and Educating Stakeholders
Collaborating Across Disciplines, Sectors, and Levels of Government
Excerpt from the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972