Comprehensive Plan Standards for Sustaining Places
APA's Sustaining Places initiative recognized the comprehensive plan as the ideal vehicle for addressing the sustainability challenge:
Planning for sustainability is the defining challenge of the 21st century. Overcoming deeply ingrained economic and cultural patterns that result in resource depletion, climate instability, and economic and social stress requires holistic problem solving that blends the best scientific understanding of existing conditions and available technologies with the public resolve to act. Planning processes allow communities to look past immediate concerns, evaluate options for how best to proceed, and to move towards a better future. The Comprehensive Plan has the legal authority to act as the vehicle for guiding community development, the scope to cover the necessary functions and facilities, and the history of practice to inspire public acceptance of its policies. Planning can provide the necessary analysis, the requisite communitywide reflection and education, and the momentum required to respond to these monumental challenges (Godschalk and Anderson 2012, 7).
This focus on the comprehensive plan as a vehicle for addressing sustainability challenges led to APA's work in developing the comprehensive standards.
What Are the Standards?
The Comprehensive Plan Standards for Sustaining Places provide a set of recommended planning practices to serve as a resource for the preparation of local comprehensive plans.
The comprehensive plan standards are defined around principles, processes, and attributes, as well as supporting best practices for what a comprehensive plan should do:
Sustaining Places: Best Practices for Comprehensive Plans
Sustaining Places: Best Practices for Comprehensive Plans offers a framework with standards for creating livable, healthy communities in harmony with nature — communities that have resilient economies, social equity, and strong regional ties. Four steps show how to turn those principles into a plan and score the results. Insights from 10 pilot communities add the real-world perspectives of big cities, small towns, and everything in between.
APA is in the process of developing a Comprehensive Plan Standards for Sustaining Places Recognition Program. This will be a voluntary program for recognizing communities that are integrating sustainability into their comprehensive plans. Two pilot phases of the Recognition Program took place in 2016 and 2017.
In 2013, APA selected 10 pilot communities in various stages of developing their comprehensive plans to help refine and finalize the standards as well as to evaluate a proposed designation program to recognize exemplary plans using these standards. These communities were selected based on the following criteria:
- Size of jurisdiction
- Stage in comprehensive planning process
- Commitment to monthly conference calls and attendance at the National Planning Conference (NPC) in Atlanta April 2014
Four communities — three additional communities and one of the pilot communities — with adopted comprehensive plans agreed to test the standards and the proposed designation system on their plans. These communities evaluated their plans against their comprehensive plan standards scoring system.
Pilot Communities — Plan Development
Memphis/Shelby County, Tennessee
New Hanover County, North Carolina
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Rock Island, Illinois
Savona, New York
Wheeling, West Virginia
Pilot Communities — Plan Recognition
Raleigh, North Carolina
Rock Island, Illinois
- Best Practices for Integrating Sustainability into Long-Range Planning (video)
- Sustaining Places: The Role of the Comprehensive Plan (PAS Report 567)
- Sustaining Places Practices for Comprehensive Planning (PAS EIP-35) This packet includes:
- Comprehensive plans that incorporate many of the best practices identified through the Sustaining Places initiative
- Guidance on incorporating various aspects of sustainability into comprehensive plans
- The Sustaining Places comprehensive plan scoring matrix and definitions for each of the best practices discussed in PAS 578
- On Demand: Sustaining Places through the Comprehensive Plan (Webinar)
- The Local Comprehensive Plan (PAS QuickNotes 52)
- Sustaining Places: Best Practices for Comprehensive Plans (PAS Report 578)