Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery: Next Generation
A late-season Hurricane Sandy slams into the New Jersey shore, colliding with a winter storm to produce high-tide storm surges in Manhattan and Atlantic City, a blizzard in West Virginia, and massive power outages and evacuations throughout the Northeast (October 2012).
An earthquake, followed by a tsunami, followed by a nuclear emergency, in northern Japan, with a death toll that continues to rise (March 2011).
An earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, that follows another tremor five months earlier (February 2011).
An earthquake and tsunami in Chile (March 2010).
An earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, that kills more than 200,000 people (February 2010).
Hurricane Ike devastates Galveston, Texas, and nearby areas (September 2008).
What becomes of these communities and regions afterwards? How long does it take to rebuild? Is there anything communities can do to speed the process, to reduce the losses, to become more resilient?
The simple answer is yes. It is the details of how we achieve resilience that become considerably more complicated, but they are important to planners and to the futures of the communities they serve. It is also absolutely vital that planning research seek out the answers, identify the best practices, and make clear how they relate to the unique circumstances of each new community that experiences a disaster and faces the need for long-term reconstruction. We have much to learn, much to share. But the first goal of planning must be the public safety of the places where we choose to live.
Between 2010 and 2014, the APA Hazards Planning Center worked under an agreement with FEMA to develop Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery: Next Generation (PAS 576). This updated manual offers a no-nonsense explanation of the benefits — and limitations — of planning for unpredictable events.
Post-Disaster Recovery Briefing Papers
The project briefing papers may be used alone or alongside Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery: Next Generation. These succinct, downloadable PDFs are ideal handouts for meetings with officials and the general public.
- Public Engagement in Recovery Planning
- Measuring Success in Recovery
- Planning Resilient Infrastructure
- Affordable Housing
- Economic Recovery for Manufacturing
- Flood Insurance and Design Requirements
- Planning for Recovery Management
- Adopt a Pre-Event Recovery Ordinance
- Financial Recovery
- Green Infrastructure and Post-Disaster Recovery
- Hazard Mitigation in Disaster Recovery
Disaster Recovery Programs
APA has assembled the best one-stop shopping list of mitigation, recovery, and response resources that we could identify among federal agencies and some national nonprofits.
Model Pre-Event Recovery Ordinance
APA has prepared an annotated model pre-event recovery ordinance designed to assist communities in preparing before a hazardous event for better managing the process of recovery after a disaster. The author of this model ordinance is Kenneth C. Topping, FAICP, one of the authors of the PAS Report that is the core product of this project. We encourage communities to review this model ordinance for possible use as a local disaster management tool.
Sharing stories and experiences is one of the most effective ways to provide answers and identify best practices that help communities become more resilient. Such stories and experiences are captured in the case studies detailed below.
Flooding: Cedar Falls, Iowa: The Cedar River has crested above flood stage at least 94 times since 1929, and the City of Cedar Falls, Iowa, has been inundated many times. Read this case study to learn about the variety of mitigation and recovery strategies employed by the city to make the community more resilient.
Hayman Fire: Hayman, Colorado: The Hayman Fire was the largest and most devastating wildfire in Colorado's recorded history. Read this study to learn about the challenges, impacts, and planning efforts associated with this natural disaster.
Symposium on Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery
In 2011, APA hosted a scoping symposium to explore a number of essential issues to help guide the Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery: Next Generation project.
What are the needs that drove this new project idea forward? APA laid out nine clear and specific reasons for the project in a needs assessment it shared with federal officials in FEMA and other agencies.